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Title: CTFS-ForestGEO: A worldwide network monitoring forests in an era of global change
Authors: Kristina J. Anderson-Teixeira
Stuart J. Davies
Amy C. Bennett
Erika B. Gonzalez-Akre
Helene C. Muller-Landau
S. Joseph Wright
Kamariah Abu Salim
Angélica M. Almeyda Zambrano
Alfonso Alonso
Jennifer L. Baltzer
Yves Basset
Norman A. Bourg
Eben N. Broadbent
Warren Y. Brockelman
Sarayudh Bunyavejchewin
David F.R.P. Burslem
Nathalie Butt
Min Cao
Dairon Cardenas
George B. Chuyong
Keith Clay
Susan Cordell
Handanakere S. Dattaraja
Xiaobao Deng
Matteo Detto
Xiaojun Du
Alvaro Duque
David L. Erikson
Corneille E.N. Ewango
Gunter A. Fischer
Christine Fletcher
Robin B. Foster
Christian P. Giardina
Gregory S. Gilbert
Nimal Gunatilleke
Savitri Gunatilleke
Zhanqing Hao
William W. Hargrove
Terese B. Hart
Billy C.H. Hau
Fangliang He
Forrest M. Hoffman
Robert W. Howe
Stephen P. Hubbell
Faith M. Inman-Narahari
Patrick A. Jansen
Mingxi Jiang
Daniel J. Johnson
Mamoru Kanzaki
Abdul Rahman Kassim
David Kenfack
Staline Kibet
Margaret F. Kinnaird
Lisa Korte
Kamil Kral
Jitendra Kumar
Andrew J. Larson
Yide Li
Xiankun Li
Shirong Liu
Shawn K.Y. Lum
James A. Lutz
Keping Ma
Damian M. Maddalena
Jean Remy Makana
Yadvinder Malhi
Toby Marthews
Rafizah Mat Serudin
Sean M. Mcmahon
William J. McShea
Hervé R. Memiaghe
Xiangcheng Mi
Takashi Mizuno
Michael Morecroft
Jonathan A. Myers
Vojtech Novotny
Alexandre A. de Oliveira
Perry S. Ong
David A. Orwig
Rebecca Ostertag
Jan den Ouden
Geoffrey G. Parker
Richard P. Phillips
Lawren Sack
Moses N. Sainge
Smithsonian Tropical Research Institute
National Zoological Park
Smithsonian National Museum of Natural History
Stanford University
University of Alabama
National Zoological Park
Wilfrid Laurier University
Mahidol University
National Park, Wildlife and Plant Conservation Department, Thailand
University of Aberdeen
University of Queensland
University of Oxford
Xishuangbanna Tropical Botanical Garden Chinese Academy of Sciences Kunming
Institute of Amazonian Research-Sinchi
University of Buea
Indiana University
USDA Forest Service
Indian Institute of Science, Bangalore
Institute of Botany Chinese Academy of Sciences
Universidad Nacional de Colombia
Centre de Formation et de Recherche en Conservation Forestière (CEFRECOF) Epulu
Kadoorie Farm and Botanic Garden
Forest Research Institute Malaysia
Field Museum of Natural History
University of California, Santa Cruz
University of Peradeniya
Shenyang Institute of Applied Ecology Chinese Academy of Sciences
Lukuru Wildlife Research Foundation
The University of Hong Kong
University of Alberta
Oak Ridge National Laboratory
University of Wisconsin Green Bay
University of California, Los Angeles
University of Hawaii at Manoa
Wageningen University and Research Centre
Chinese Academy of Sciences
Kyoto University
National Museums of Kenya
University of Nairobi
Mpala Research Centre
Wildlife Conservation Society
Silva Tarouca Research Institute
University of Montana
Chinese Academy of Forestry
Guangxi Institute of Botany, Chinese Academy of Sciences
National Institute of Education, Singapore
Utah State University
Wildlife Conservation Society
Smithsonian Environmental Research Center
CNRS Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique
Natural England
Washington University in St. Louis
New Guinea Binatang Research Centre
Jihoceska Univerzita v Ceskuch Budejovicich
Universidade Cidade de Sao Paulo
University of the Philippines Diliman
Harvard Forest
University of Hawaii at Hilo
Tropical Plant Exploration Group (TroPEG) Cameroon
Maejo University
National Dong Hwa University
Forest Department Sarawak
University of Toronto
Washington State University Vancouver
Centre for Ecology & Hydrology
University of Puerto Rico, Institute for Tropical Ecosystem Studies
Columbia University in the City of New York
Pontificia Universidad Catolica del Ecuador
Instituto de Investigacion de Recursos Biologicos Alexander von Humboldt, Bogota
Instituto Nacional de Pesquisas Da Amazonia
Keywords: Environmental Science
Issue Date: 1-Jan-2015
Citation: Global Change Biology. Vol.21, No.2 (2015), 528-549
Abstract: © 2014 John Wiley & Sons Ltd. Global change is impacting forests worldwide, threatening biodiversity and ecosystem services including climate regulation. Understanding how forests respond is critical to forest conservation and climate protection. This review describes an international network of 59 long-term forest dynamics research sites (CTFS-ForestGEO) useful for characterizing forest responses to global change. Within very large plots (median size 25 ha), all stems ≥1 cm diameter are identified to species, mapped, and regularly recensused according to standardized protocols. CTFS-ForestGEO spans 25°S-61°N latitude, is generally representative of the range of bioclimatic, edaphic, and topographic conditions experienced by forests worldwide, and is the only forest monitoring network that applies a standardized protocol to each of the world's major forest biomes. Supplementary standardized measurements at subsets of the sites provide additional information on plants, animals, and ecosystem and environmental variables. CTFS-ForestGEO sites are experiencing multifaceted anthropogenic global change pressures including warming (average 0.61 °C), changes in precipitation (up to ±30% change), atmospheric deposition of nitrogen and sulfur compounds (up to 3.8 g N m-2 yr-1 and 3.1 g S m-2 yr-1), and forest fragmentation in the surrounding landscape (up to 88% reduced tree cover within 5 km). The broad suite of measurements made at CTFS-ForestGEO sites makes it possible to investigate the complex ways in which global change is impacting forest dynamics. Ongoing research across the CTFS-ForestGEO network is yielding insights into how and why the forests are changing, and continued monitoring will provide vital contributions to understanding worldwide forest diversity and dynamics in an era of global change.
ISSN: 13652486
Appears in Collections:Scopus 2011-2015

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