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dc.contributor.authorSirichit Wongkamchaien_US
dc.contributor.authorBenjaporn Mayoonen_US
dc.contributor.authorNamthip Kanakulen_US
dc.contributor.authorSuporn Foongladdaen_US
dc.contributor.authorDarawan Wanachiwanawinen_US
dc.contributor.authorHathai Nochoteen_US
dc.contributor.authorSumart Loymeken_US
dc.contributor.otherMahidol Universityen_US
dc.contributor.otherPhikulthong Royal Development Study Centeren_US
dc.identifier.citationVector-Borne and Zoonotic Diseases. Vol.15, No.8 (2015), 473-480en_US
dc.description.abstract© 2015, Mary Ann Liebert, Inc. Background: Apart from infection with human filariae, zoonotic filariasis also occurs worldwide, and the numbers of cases have been increasing steadily. Diagnosis of intact filariae in tissues or organs depends on histological identification. The morphology of parasites in tissue-embedded sections is poor and shows high levels of homoplasy. Thus, the use of morphological characteristics in taxonomic studies is difficult and may not allow a specific diagnosis. Methods: Here we report the use of real-time PCR with high-resolution melting analysis (HRM) to detect and identify Brugia malayi, Brugia pahangi, Wuchereria bancrofti, and Dirofilaria immitis in paraffin-embedded sections. Assay specificity was determined using other tissue-dwelling parasites, Angiostrongylus cantonensis, Gnathostoma spinigerum, and Cysticercus cellulosae. We also developed a quick paraffin removal protocol. Results: Both human and animal filariae in formalin-fixed paraffin-embedded sections (FFPES) were diagnosed and identified rapidly, whereas other parasites were negative. There was no difference in the melting temperature of products amplified from filarial DNA obtained from unstained FFPES and Hematoxylin & Eosin-stained sections. Therefore, the DNA extraction protocols developed in this study could be used for real-time PCR with HRM. Conclusions: We report the successful application of a HRM-PCR assay to differentiate four filarial parasites in FFPES, thus providing the pathologist with an effective alternative diagnostic procedure. Furthermore, the quick paraffin removal protocol developed could shorten the duration and number of steps required for paraffin removal using a standard protocol.en_US
dc.rightsMahidol Universityen_US
dc.subjectImmunology and Microbiologyen_US
dc.titleRapid Differentiation of Filariae in Unstained and Stained Paraffin-Embedded Sections by a High-Resolution Melting Analysis PCR Assayen_US
Appears in Collections:Scopus 2011-2015

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