Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item:
|Title:||Phenotypic investigation of regenerated epithelial cells after gonococcal corneal perforation: A clinical, histological, and immunohistochemical study|
Kyoto Prefectural University of Medicine
|Citation:||Cornea. Vol.34, No.11 (2015), 1508-1512|
|Abstract:||Copyright © 2015 Wolters Kluwer Health, Inc. All rights reserved. Purpose: To determine the characteristics of regenerated epithelial cells after severe gonococcal infection after corneal perforation. Methods: Pathological tissue was obtained from the cornea at the time of surgery. Hematoxylin and eosin staining and immunohistochemical analysis were performed for cytoskeletal keratins (K12, K13, and K15), basement membrane and junctional markers (laminin 5, ZO-1 and Desmoplakin), and proliferative and mesenchymal markers (Ki67, α-SMA, and vimentin). Results: A 42-year-old patient with severe gonococcal keratoconjunctivitis rapidly progressed to corneal perforation during administration of intensive topical and systemic antibiotics. After conservative treatment, the perforation healed and 5- × 3-mm corneal ectasia occurred with localized iris attachment. Complete closure of the cornea was confirmed by a negative Seidel test. After lamellar keratoplasty to improve corneal integrity and to prevent secondary glaucoma, the pathological tissue revealed a poorly organized epithelial layer at the regenerated ectatic area. The regenerated epithelial cells clearly expressed K12, ZO-1, and Desmoplakin with underlying laminin 5 (+) basement membrane. K15 and Ki67 expressions were observed predominantly at the limbal area but not in the regenerated area. α-SMA and vimentin were sporadically expressed in the underlying connective tissue. Conclusions: We speculate that the process of epithelial wound healing at the site of corneal perforation was responsible for migration of the surrounding epithelial cells. Although the regenerated cells expressed several cytokeratins and junctional markers, they remained disorganized and fragile.|
|Appears in Collections:||Scopus 2011-2015|
Files in This Item:
There are no files associated with this item.
Items in DSpace are protected by copyright, with all rights reserved, unless otherwise indicated.