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Title: Traumatic injury in a child with scurvy: A case report
Authors: Chanika Angsanuntsukh
Kulapat Chulsomlee
Anan Taracheewin
Suphaneewan Jaovisidha
Thira Woratanarat
Patarawan Woratanarat
Mahidol University
Chulalongkorn University
Keywords: Medicine
Issue Date: 1-Jan-2015
Citation: Journal of the Medical Association of Thailand. Vol.98, (2015), S95-S101
Abstract: © 2015, Medical Association of Thailand. All right reserved. This case report aimed to describe the clinical presentation, treatments and prognosis of a child who had scurvy and traumatic injury of the left thigh. A 30-month-old boy had presented with left hip pain two weeks after falling down on the floor while walking. He developed pain, warmness of the left hip and thigh, and finally was unable to bear weight. He also had a high fever, gingival hemorrhage, dental caries, petechiae, positive rolling test and limited range of motion of the left hip. The radiographs revealed Wimberger’s ring and Frenkel line as scurvy. Vitamin C supplement had been prescribed for one week. However, there was no clinical response and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) suggested subperiosteal abscess as well as osteomyelitis of bilateral femurs and tibias. Debridement and biopsy of the left femur were performed and found only subperiosteal blood. A clinical improvement was noted on the second day after surgery. Vitamin C level was reported at 0.03 mg/dl which was very low. Bacterial culture was negative and the pathological findings were callus formation with hemorrhage. The patient continued the treatment for two months and all conditions were healed eventually. In severe scurvy with trauma, prolonged subperiosteal hematoma was susceptible to infection, and may need debridement simultaneously with vitamin C supplement to shorten the clinical course.
ISSN: 01252208
Appears in Collections:Scopus 2011-2015

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