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Title: Predictors of abnormal neuroimaging of the brain in children with epilepsy aged 1 month to 2 years
Authors: Oranee Sanmaneechai
Nasuda Danchaivijitr
Surachai Likasitwattanakul
Mahidol University
Keywords: Medicine
Issue Date: 1-Jan-2015
Citation: Journal of Child Neurology. Vol.30, No.11 (2015), 1532-1536
Abstract: © The Author(s) 2015. Neuroimaging should be performed on infants with seizure. However, there are economic limitations in performing neuroimaging in a resource-limited setting. The younger the age, the higher the risk of having abnormal neuroimaging. The aim was to determine frequency and predictors of abnormal neuroimaging in children with epilepsy aged 1 month to 2 years. History, physical examination, electroencephalogram (EEG), and neuroimaging were reviewed. Thirty-seven of 49 (76%) had neuroimaging studies; 19 computed tomography (CT), 14 magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), and 4 had both. Abnormal neuroimaging was found in 19 (51%). Predictors of abnormal neuroimages are developmental delay, abnormal head circumference, and abnormal neurologic examination. Eight children (21%) had lesions on neuroimaging studies that altered or influenced management. Of 8 patients with normal examination and EEG, 1 had a brain tumor and another had arteriovenous malformation. Neuroimaging should be considered as an essential aid in the evaluation of infants with epilepsy, even in a resource-limited setting.
ISSN: 17088283
Appears in Collections:Scopus 2011-2015

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