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Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://repository.li.mahidol.ac.th/dspace/handle/123456789/36683
Title: Thoracic manifestations of paradoxical immune reconstitution inflammatory syndrome during or after antituberculous therapy in HIV-negative patients
Authors: Prapaporn Pornsuriyasak
Thitiporn Suwatanapongched
Mahidol University
Keywords: Medicine
Issue Date: 1-Jan-2015
Citation: Diagnostic and Interventional Radiology. Vol.21, No.2 (2015), 134-139
Abstract: © Turkish Society of Radiology 2015. Immune reconstitution inflammatory syndrome (IRIS) is a consequence of exaggerated and dysregulated host’s inflammatory response to invading microorganism, leading to uncontrolled inflammatory reactions. IRIS associated with tuberculosis (TB) is well recognized among human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)-infected patients receiving highly active antiretroviral therapy, but it is less common among HIV-negative patients. IRIS can manifest as a paradoxical worsening or recurring of preexisting tuberculous lesions or development of new lesions despite successful antituberculous treatment. Hence, the condition might be misdiagnosed as superimposed infections, treatment failure, or relapse of TB. This pictorial essay reviewed diagnostic criteria and various thoracic manifestations of the paradoxical form of TB-associated IRIS (TB-IRIS) that might aid in early recognition of this clinical entity among HIV-negative patients. The treatment and outcomes of TB-IRIS were also discussed.
URI: https://www.scopus.com/inward/record.uri?partnerID=HzOxMe3b&scp=84924747336&origin=inward
http://repository.li.mahidol.ac.th/dspace/handle/123456789/36683
ISSN: 13053612
13053825
Appears in Collections:Scopus 2011-2015

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