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Title: Cross-sex hormone use, functional health and mental well-being among transgender men (Toms) and Transgender Women (Kathoeys) in Thailand
Authors: Louis J. Gooren
Tanapong Sungkaew
Erik J. Giltay
Thomas E. Guadamuz
VU University Medical Center
Leiden University Medical Center - LUMC
Mahidol University
Keywords: Medicine
Issue Date: 1-Jan-2015
Citation: Culture, Health and Sexuality. Vol.17, No.1 (2015), 92-103
Abstract: © 2015, © 2014 Taylor & Francis. There exists limited understanding of cross-sex hormone use and mental well-being among transgender women and, particularly, among transgender men. Moreover, most studies of transgender people have taken place in the Global North and often in the context of HIV. This exploratory study compared 60 transgender men (toms) with 60 transgender women (kathoeys) regarding their use of cross-sex hormones, mental well-being and acceptance by their family. Participants also completed a dispositional optimism scale (the Life Orientation Test Revised), the Social Functioning Questionnaire and the Short Form Health Survey 36 assessing their profile of functional health and mental well-being. Cross-sex hormones were used by 35% of toms and 73% of kathoeys and were largely unsupervised by health-related personnel. There were no differences in functional health and mental well-being among toms and kathoeys. However, toms currently using cross-sex hormones scored on average poorer on bodily pain and mental health, compared to non-users. Furthermore, compared to non-users, cross-sex hormone users were about eight times and five times more likely to be associated with poor parental acceptance among toms and kathoeys, respectively. This study was the first to compare cross-sex hormone use, functional health and mental well-being among transgender women and transgender men in Southeast Asia.
ISSN: 14645351
Appears in Collections:Scopus 2011-2015

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