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Title: Mini-interfacial fracture toughness as a new validated enamel-bonding effectiveness test
Authors: Pong Pongprueksa
Jan De Munck
Bruno C. Barreto
Kavin Karunratanakul
Bart Van Meerbeek
KU Leuven– University Hospital Leuven
Mahidol University
KU Leuven
Thailand National Metal and Materials Technology Center
Keywords: Engineering;Materials Science
Issue Date: 1-Sep-2016
Citation: Journal of the Mechanical Behavior of Biomedical Materials. Vol.62, (2016), 446-455
Abstract: © 2016 Elsevier Ltd. Today's most commonly applied bonding effectiveness tests are criticized for their high variability and low reliability, the latter in particular with regard to measuring the actual strength of the adhesive interface. Objectives: in continuation of previous research conducted at dentin, we hereby aimed to validate the novel mini-interfacial fracture toughness (mini-iFT) test on its applicability to assess bonding effectiveness of contemporary adhesives when bonded to enamel. Methods: The 3-step etch&rinse (E&R) adhesive OptiBond FL (Kerr), the 2-step self-etch (SE) adhesive Clearfil SE Bond (Kuraray Noritake) and the two multi-mode adhesives Clearfil S3Bond Plus (Kuraray Noritake) and Scotchbond Universal (3M ESPE), both used following a 2-step E&R and 1-step SE mode, were applied to clinically relevant, flattened enamel surfaces. A composite (Filtek Z100; 3M ESPE) build-up was made in layers. After 1-week water storage at 37 °C, all specimens were sectioned perpendicular to the interface to obtain rectangular sticks. A mini-iFT notch was prepared at the adhesive-enamel interface using a thin diamond blade under water cooling. Finally, the specimens were loaded in a 4-point bending test until failure. Results: the mini-iFT onto human enamel was significantly higher for the adhesives applied in E&R mode versus those applied in SE mode. The lowest mini-iFT was found for the adhesives applied following a 1-step SE approach. SEM fracture analysis revealed that all fractures originated at the adhesive-enamel interface and that the induced crack propagated preferentially along this interface. Conclusion: mini-iFT appeared a valid alternative method to assess the mechanical properties of adhesive-enamel interfaces.
ISSN: 18780180
Appears in Collections:Scopus 2016-2017

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