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Title: Correlates of HIV testing experience among migrant workers from Myanmar residing in Thailand: A secondary data analysis
Authors: Patou Masika Musumari
Chalermpol Chamchan
Kyoto University
Mahidol University
Keywords: Agricultural and Biological Sciences;Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology
Issue Date: 1-May-2016
Citation: PLoS ONE. Vol.11, No.5 (2016)
Abstract: © 2016 Musumari, Chamchan. This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited. Background: Thailand continues to attract an increasing number of migrant workers (MW) from neighboring countries including mainly Myanmar, Cambodia, and Laos; however, little is known about the extent to which MWs from these countries have access to HIV prevention, treatment, and care services. We used data from the baseline survey of the Prevention of HIV/ AIDS among MWs in Thailand (PHAMIT-2) project to document the prevalence of, and factors associated with, HIV testing among MWs from Myanmar, the largest group of MWs in Thailand. Methods and Findings: The baseline survey of PHAMIT-2 was conducted in 2010 among MWs from Myanmar, Cambodia, and Laos in 10 purposely-selected provinces of Thailand. Of the 1,034 participants who qualified for the analysis to identify correlates of HIV testing, only 5.3% reported ever having been tested for HIV. Factors associated with HIV testing included having a secondary or higher education level (AOR, 2.58; CI, 1.36-4.90; P = 0.004), being female (AOR, 1.96; CI, 1.05-3.66; P = 0.033), knowing someone who died of AIDS (AOR, 1.81; CI, 1.00- 3.27; P = 0.048), working in the fishery sector (AOR, 2.51; CI, 1.28-4.92; P = 0.007), and not having a work permit (AOR, 3.71; CI, 1.36-10.13; P = 0.010). Conclusion: Our study, in addition to revealing significantly low HIV testing among MWs from Myanmar, identifies important barriers to HIV testing which could be addressed through interventions that promote migrants' culturally-sensitive and friendly service, for example by facilitating flow of information about places for HIV testing, availability of language assistance, and ensuring confidentiality of HIV testing.
ISSN: 19326203
Appears in Collections:Scopus 2016-2017

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