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|Title:||HIV testing and attitudes among the working-age population of Japan: Annual health checkups may offer an effective way forwards|
Derek R. Smith
University of Occupational and Environmental Health
National Center for Global Health and Medicine
University of Newcastle, Australia
|Citation:||Industrial Health. Vol.54, No.2 (2016), 116-122|
|Abstract:||© 2016 National Institute of Occupational Safety and Health. In Japan, Voluntary Counselling and Testing (VCT) for HIV has been recommended for people concerned about their infection risk, especially those in high-risk groups. Although HIV awareness has declined in this country somewhat during recent years, the number of newlyinfected cases has been increasing. The purpose of the current study therefore, was to determine the prevalence of HIV testing, individuals’ reasons for being tested, and the overall acceptance of HIV testing among working-age Japanese. We utilized an anonymous, nationwide survey which was administered to a total of 3,055 participants aged 20–69 yr. The lifetime prevalence of HIV testing was 14% (2% within the past year). A gap was observed between a prior history of HIV testing and willingness to be tested in future (32%) or willingness to be tested during health checkups in the workplace (41%). HIV testing appears to have only been conducted among a limited number of working-age Japanese adults, even though some reported a willingness to be tested. Opportunities for VCT during workplace health checkups might offer an immediate and positive way forwards in the fight against HIV; however, privacy protection for test results and the acceptance of HIVpositive employees should be carefully considered in the workplace.|
|Appears in Collections:||Scopus 2016-2017|
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