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Title: Equilibrium and kinetic studies on biosorption potential of charophyte biomass to remove heavy metals from synthetic metal solution and municipal wastewater
Authors: Najjapak Sooksawat
Metha Meetam
Maleeya Kruatrachue
Prayad Pokethitiyook
Duangrat Inthorn
Rajamangala University of Technology Tawan-ok
Mahidol University
South Carolina Commission on Higher Education
Keywords: Environmental Science
Issue Date: 2-Jul-2016
Citation: Bioremediation Journal. Vol.20, No.3 (2016), 240-251
Abstract: © 2016 Taylor & Francis. The risk of heavy metal contamination in domestic water causes serious health and environmental problems. Biosorption has been considered as an efficient and alternative way for treatment of heavy metal–contaminated wastewater. The potentials of dried charophytes, Chara aculeolata and Nitella opaca, to biosorb lead (Pb), cadmium (Cd), and zinc (Zn) from synthetic solutions and municipal wastewater were investigated. The efficiency of metal removal was studied under varied conditions in different sorbent dosages, pH, and contact times. Biosorption isotherm and kinetics were used to clarify heavy metal preference and biosorption mechanism. C. aculeolata and N. opaca performed well in the biosorption of all three metal ions, with preference towards Pb, followed by Cd and Zn, in the single-metal solutions. Pb adsorption onto algal biomass followed first-order rate kinetics (N. opaca) and intraparticle diffusion (C. aculeolata and N. opaca). These results indicated physical adsorption process between Pb ions and both algal biomasses. Cd and Zn biosorption kinetics fitted the second-order rate model, indicating chemical adsorption between metal ions and both algae. The experimental data of three-metal biosorption fitted well to Langmuir isotherm model, suggesting that the metal ion adsorption occurred in a monolayer pattern on a homogeneous surface. C. aculeolata exhibited slightly higher maximum uptake of Pb, Cd, and Zn (105.3 mgPb/g, 23.0 mgCd/g, 15.2 mgZn/g) than did N. opaca (104.2 mgPb/g, 20.5 mgCd/g, 13.4 mgZn/g). In multi-metal solutions, antagonistic effect by metal competition was observed. The ability of charophytes to remove Pb and Zn was high in real municipal water (81–100%). Thus, the charophytic biomass may be considered for the treatment of metal contamination in municipal wastewater.
ISSN: 15476529
Appears in Collections:Scopus 2016-2017

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