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Title: Regional and gender differences in years with and without mobility limitation in the older population of Thailand
Authors: Benjawan Apinonkul
Kusol Soonthorndhada
Patama Vapattanawong
Carol Jagger
Wichai Aekplakorn
Mahidol University
Newcastle University, United Kingdom
Keywords: Agricultural and Biological Sciences;Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology
Issue Date: 1-May-2016
Citation: PLoS ONE. Vol.11, No.5 (2016)
Abstract: © 2016 Apinonkul et al. This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited. Objectives: To examine gender and regional differences in health expectancies based on the measure of mobility. Methods: Health expectancies by gender and region were computed by Sullivan's method from the fourth Thai National Health Examination Survey (2009). A total of 9,210 older persons aged 60 years and older were included. Mobility limitation was defined as self-reporting of ability to perform only with assistances/aids at least one of: walking at least 400 metres; or going up or down a flight of 10 stairs. Severe limitation was defined as complete inability to do at least one of these two functions, even with assistances or aids. Results: At age 60, females compared to males, spent significantly fewer years without mobility limitation (male-female = 3.2 years) and more years with any limitation (female-male = 6.7 years) and with severe limitation (female-male = 3.2 years). For both genders, years lived with severe limitation were remarkably constant across age. Significant regional inequalities in years lived without and with limitation were evident, with a consistent pattern by gender in years free of mobility limitation (Central ranked the best and the North East ranked the worst). Finally, both males and females in the South had the longest life expectancy and the most years of life with severe mobility limitation. Conclusion: This study identifies inequalities in years without and with mobility limitations with important policy implication.
ISSN: 19326203
Appears in Collections:Scopus 2016-2017

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