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Title: The significance of naturally occurring neuraminidase quasispecies of H5N1 avian influenza virus on resistance to oseltamivir: A point of concern
Authors: Nalini Schaduangrat
Jiraphorn Phanich
Thanyada Rungrotmongkol
Hatairat Lerdsamran
Pilaipan Puthavathana
Sukathida Ubol
Mahidol University
Chulalongkorn University
Keywords: Immunology and Microbiology
Issue Date: 1-Jun-2016
Citation: Journal of General Virology. Vol.97, No.6 (2016), 1311-1323
Abstract: © 2016 The Authors. Viral adaptability and survival arise due to the presence of quasispecies populations that are able to escape the immune response or produce drug-resistant variants. However, the presence of H5N1 virus with natural mutations acquired without any drug selection pressure poses a great threat. Cloacal samples collected from the 2004–2005 epidemics in Thailand from Asian open-billed storks revealed one major and several minor quasispecies populations with mutations on the oseltamivir (OTV)-binding site of the neuraminidase gene (NA) without prior exposure to a drug. Therefore, this study investigated the binding between the NA-containing novel mutations and OTV drug using molecular dynamic simulations and plaque inhibition assay. The results revealed that the mutant populations, S236F mutant, S236F/C278Y mutant, A250V/V266A/P271H/G285S mutant and C278Y mutant, had a lower binding affinity with OTV as compared with the WT virus due to rearrangement of amino acid residues and increased flexibility in the 150-loop. This result was further emphasized through the IC50values obtained for the major population and WT virus, 104.74 nM and 18.30 nM, respectively. Taken together, these data suggest that H5N1 viruses isolated from wild birds have already acquired OTV-resistant point mutations without any exposure to a drug.
ISSN: 14652099
Appears in Collections:Scopus 2016-2017

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