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Title: Schistosoma mekongi cathepsin B and its use in the development of an immunodiagnosis
Authors: Manaw Sangfuang
Yupa Chusongsang
Yanin Limpanont
Rapeepun Vanichviriyakit
Charoonroj Chotwiwatthanakun
Prasert Sobhon
Narin Preyavichyapugdee
Silpakorn University
Mahidol University
Burapha University
Keywords: Immunology and Microbiology
Issue Date: 1-Mar-2016
Citation: Acta Tropica. Vol.155, (2016), 11-19
Abstract: © 2015 Elsevier B.V. Schistosomiasis mekongi is one of the most important human parasitic diseases caused by Schistosoma mekongi in South-east Asia. The endemic area is the Mekong River sub-region from Laos to Cambodia. This parasite also infects dogs and pigs which are its alternative host species. Currently, the lack of reliable rapid diagnosis makes it difficult to monitor the infection and spreading of the disease. In this study, we screened the antigens of the parasite with sera of infected mice using Western blotting and identified proteins of interest with LC-MS/MS to obtain potential candidate proteins for diagnostic development. This assay yielded 2 immunoreactive bands at molecular masses of 31 and 22 kDa. The 31 kDa protein was the major band identified as cathepsin B, and its gene was cloned to obtain a full cDNA sequence (SmekCatB). The cDNA consisted of 1123 bp and its longest reading frame encoded for 342 amino acids with some putative post translation modifications. The recombinant SmekCatB (rSmekCatB) with hexahistidine tag at the C-terminus was expressed in Escherichia coli and purified by Ni-NTA resin under denaturing conditions. The rSmekCatB reacted with sera of S. mekongi-infected mice. Indirect ELISA using rSmekCatB as the antigen to detect mouse antibodies, revealed a sensitivity of 91.67% for schistosomiasis mekongi and the specificity of 100%. Our data suggested that SmekCatB is one of the most promising parasitic antigens that could be used for the diagnosis of S. mekongi infection.
ISSN: 18736254
Appears in Collections:Scopus 2016-2017

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