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Title: The Indication and Surgical Treatment of 286 Midurethral Synthetic Sling Complications: A Multicenter Study
Authors: Orawee Chinthakanan
John R. Miklos
Robert D. Moore
Deborah R. Karp
Gladys M. Nogueiras
G. Willy Davila
Mahidol University
Georgia and Beverly Hills
Advanced Pelvic Surgery
Emory University
Cleveland Clinic Florida
Keywords: Medicine
Issue Date: 26-Oct-2016
Citation: Surgical technology international. Vol.29, (2016), 167-171
Abstract: INTRODUCTION AND HYPOTHESIS: 1) Evaluate the most common indication for sling removal in patients with synthetic mesh slings; 2) identify the location of pain for each of the three types of synthetic sling procedures including retropubic (RP) sling, transobturator (TOT) sling, and single incision slings (SIS), and 3) describe the surgical approach to each of the above and its associated complications.MATERIALS AND METHODS: A retrospective chart review of all patients who underwent surgical removal of a sling due to a mesh-related complications from 2011 to 2013 at three referral centers.RESULTS: There were 337 sling complications followed by the IUGA/ICS mesh complication classification. RP slings were more likely to have urinary tract complications (category 4) and intra-abdominal site complications (S5). Of those, 286 slings were removed, 106 (37.1%) were RP, 131 (45.8%) TOT, and 44 (15.4%) SIS. Vaginal pain was the most common reason for sling removal. Twenty-one percent of the TOT had groin pain which was a five times higher risk than RP (OR 5.3, 95% CI 1.5-18.7), and the RP was three times more likely to have suprapubic pain than the TOT (OR 2.97, 95% CI 1.3-7.0). Fifteen percent of the TOT had either unilateral or bilateral groin mesh removal.CONCLUSION: The most common indication for sling removal was vaginal pain. RP sling had a higher risk of suprapubic pain and TOT sling had a higher risk of groin pain. Patients with a history of SIS had a higher incidence of urethral erosion. TOT removal had the highest intraoperative complication rate.
ISSN: 10903941
Appears in Collections:Scopus 2016-2017

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