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Title: Regenerative Dentistry: Animal Model for Regenerative Endodontology
Authors: Nisarat Ruangsawasdi
Matthias Zehnder
Raphael Patcas
Chafik Ghayor
Franz E. Weber
University of Zurich
Mahidol University
Keywords: Medicine
Issue Date: 1-Sep-2016
Citation: Transfusion Medicine and Hemotherapy. Vol.43, No.5 (2016), 359-364
Abstract: © 2016 S. Karger GmbH, Freiburg. Background: Ectopic tissue has been observed frequently in human root canal specimens when cell homing studies were performed at the dorsum of rodents. In contrast, pulp-like tissue formed when immature teeth were implanted on top of the rat calvaria. It was surmised, yet not tested, that the implantation site might affect tissue ingrowth. Methods: Four root sections from human immature molars cleaned with 5% sodium hypochlorite (NaOCl) followed by 17% ethylenediaminetetraacetic acid (EDTA) were implanted per rat (n = 5). Two specimens were placed at the dorsum (control), while the other two specimens were implanted at the calvaria. After 6 weeks, the specimens were investigated for histological structure, immunoreactivity to dentine sialoprotein (DSP) and bone sialoprotein (BSP), per-area percentage of tissue ingrowth, and gene expression (DSPP, COL1, NGF and VEGF). Data were statistically compared. Results: Tooth specimens placed at the calvaria generally showed pulplike tissue and odontoblast-like cells at the dentinal wall where DSP and BSP immunoreactivity were intense. The area of tissue ingrowth was significantly larger in the specimens placed at the calvaria compared to those placed at the dorsum. DSPP was the only gene that was upregulated significantly when specimens were implanted at the calvaria. Conclusion: Our findings suggest that the calvarial site is superior to the dorsum to study pulp regeneration in human teeth in the rat.
ISSN: 16603818
Appears in Collections:Scopus 2016-2017

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