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|Title:||Comparison of TaqManW Array Card and MYCOTBTM with conventional phenotypic susceptibility testing in MDR-TB|
S. S. Ferdous
S. M.M. Rahman
International Center for Diarrheal Diseases and Research
University of Virginia
Kilimanjaro Clinical Research Institute
|Citation:||International Journal of Tuberculosis and Lung Disease. Vol.20, No.8 (2016), 1105-1112|
|Abstract:||© 2016 The Union. BACKGROUND: Although phenotypic drug susceptibility testing (DST) is endorsed as the standard for secondline drug testing of Mycobacterium tuberculosis, it is slow and laborious. METHODS : We evaluated the accuracy of two faster, easier methodologies that provide results for multiple drugs: a genotypic TaqMan® Array Card (TAC) and the Sensititrew MYCOTBTM plate. Both methods were tested at three central laboratories in Bangladesh, Tanzania, and Thailand with 212 multidrug-resistant tuberculosis (MDR-TB) isolates and compared with the laboratories' phenotypic method in use. RESULT S : The overall accuracy for ethambutol, streptomycin, amikacin, kanamycin, ofloxacin, and moxifloxacin vs. the phenotypic standard was 87% for TAC (range 70-99) and 88% for the MYCOTB plate (range 76-98). To adjudicate discordances, we re-defined the standard as the consensus of the three methods, against which the TAC and MYCOTB plate yielded 94-95% accuracy, while the phenotypic result yielded 93%. Some isolates with genotypic mutations and high minimum inhibitory concentration (MIC) were phenotypically susceptible, and some isolates without mutations and low MIC were phenotypically resistant, questioning the phenotypic standard. CONCLUS IONS : In our view, the TAC, the MYCOTB plate, and the conventional phenotypic method have similar performance for second-line drugs; however, the former methods offer speed, throughput, and quantitative DST information.|
|Appears in Collections:||Scopus 2016-2017|
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