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Title: Transcriptional Regulation of the Ambient Temperature Response by H2A.Z Nucleosomes and HSF1 Transcription Factors in Arabidopsis
Authors: Sandra Cortijo
Varodom Charoensawan
Anna Brestovitsky
Ruth Buning
Charles Ravarani
Daniela Rhodes
John van Noort
Katja E. Jaeger
Philip A. Wigge
University of Cambridge
Mahidol University
Kamerlingh Onnes Laboratorium
The Medical Research Council Laboratory of Molecular Biology
Nanyang Technological University
Keywords: Agricultural and Biological Sciences;Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology
Issue Date: 9-Oct-2017
Citation: Molecular Plant. Vol.10, No.10 (2017), 1258-1273
Abstract: © 2017 The Author Temperature influences the distribution, range, and phenology of plants. The key transcriptional activators of heat shock response in eukaryotes, the heat shock factors (HSFs), have undergone large-scale gene amplification in plants. While HSFs are central in heat stress responses, their role in the response to ambient temperature changes is less well understood. We show here that the warm ambient temperature transcriptome is dependent upon the HSFA1 clade of Arabidopsis HSFs, which cause a rapid and dynamic eviction of H2A.Z nucleosomes at target genes. A transcriptional cascade results in the activation of multiple downstream stress-responsive transcription factors, triggering large-scale changes to the transcriptome in response to elevated temperature. H2A.Z nucleosomes are enriched at temperature-responsive genes at non-inducible temperature, and thus likely confer inducibility of gene expression and higher responsive dynamics. We propose that the antagonistic effects of H2A.Z and HSF1 provide a mechanism to activate gene expression rapidly and precisely in response to temperature, while preventing leaky transcription in the absence of an activation signal. While heat shock factors (HSFs) are central in heat stress responses, their role in ambient temperature is poorly understood. We show that the warm ambient temperature transcriptome is dependent upon the HSFA1 clade, causing a rapid and transient eviction of H2A.Z nucleosomes. We propose that HSF1/H2A.Z antagonism provides a mechanism to rapidly activate temperature-responsive genes at warm temperature.
ISSN: 17529867
Appears in Collections:Scopus 2016-2017

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