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Title: Goal directed therapy for suspected acute bacterial meningitis in adults and adolescents in sub-Saharan Africa
Authors: Emma C. Wall
Mavuto Mukaka
Brigitte Denis
Veronica S. Mlozowa
Malango Msukwa
Khumbo Kasambala
Mulinda Nyrienda
Theresa J. Allain
Brian Faragher
Robert S. Heyderman
David G. Lalloo
Malawi-Liverpool-Wellcome Trust Clinical Research Programme
Liverpool School of Tropical Medicine
Mahidol University
Nuffield Department of Clinical Medicine
Queen Elizabeth Central Hospital Malawi
University of Malawi College of Medicine
Keywords: Agricultural and Biological Sciences;Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology
Issue Date: 1-Oct-2017
Citation: PLoS ONE. Vol.12, No.10 (2017)
Abstract: © 2017 Wall et al. This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited. Background: Mortality from acute bacterial meningitis (ABM) in sub-Saharan African adults and adolescents exceeds 50%. We tested if Goal Directed Therapy (GDT) was feasible for adults and adolescents with clinically suspected ABM in Malawi. Materials and methods: Sequential patient cohorts of adults and adolescents with clinically suspected ABM were recruited in the emergency department of a teaching hospital in Malawi using a before/after design. Routine care was monitored in year one (P1). In year two (P2), nurses delivered protocolised GDT (rapid antibiotics, airway support, oxygenation, seizure control and fluid resuscitation) to a second cohort. The primary endpoint was composite mean number of clinical goals attained. Secondary endpoints were individual goals attained and death or disability from proven or probable ABM at day 40. Results: 563 patients with suspected ABM were enrolled in the study; 273 were monitored in P1; 290 patients with suspected ABM received GDT in P2. 61% were male, median age 33 years and 90% were HIV co-infected. ABM was proven or probable in 132 (23%) patients. GDT attained more clinical goals compared to routine care: composite mean number of goals in P1 was 055 vs. 157 in P2 GDT (p<0001); Death or disability by day 40 from proven or probable ABM occurred in 29/57 (51%) in P1 and 38/60 (63%) in P2 (p = 019). Conclusion: Nurse-led GDT in a resource-constrained setting was associated with improved delivery of protocolised care. Outcome was unaffected. Trial registration: ISRCTN96218197.
ISSN: 19326203
Appears in Collections:Scopus 2016-2017

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