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Title: P2Y<inf>6</inf> receptors are involved in mediating the effect of inactivated avian influenza virus H5N1 on IL-6 &amp; CXCL8 mRNA expression in respiratory epithelium
Authors: Nawiya Huipao
Suparerk Borwornpinyo
Suwimon Wiboon-Ut
Craig R. Campbell
Il Ha Lee
Siriphun Hiranyachattada
Chonlaphat Sukasem
Arunee Thitithanyanont
Chumpol Pholpramool
David I. Cook
Anuwat Dinudom
Prince of Songkla University
Mahidol University
The University of Sydney
Keywords: Agricultural and Biological Sciences;Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology
Issue Date: 1-May-2017
Citation: PLoS ONE. Vol.12, No.5 (2017)
Abstract: © 2017 Huipao et al.This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited. One of the key pathophysiologies of H5N1 infection is excessive proinflammatory cytokine response (cytokine storm) characterized by increases in IFN-α , TNF-β, IL-6, CXCL10, CCL4, CCL2 and CCL5 in the respiratory tract. H5N1-induced cytokine release can occur via an infection-independent mechanism, however, detail of the cellular signaling involved is poorly understood. To elucidate this mechanism, the effect of inactivated (α -propiolactonetreated) H5N1 on the cytokine and chemokine mRNA expression in 16HBE14o- human respiratory epithelial cells was investigated. We found that the inactivated-H5N1 increased mRNA for IL-6 and CXCL8 but not TNF-β, CCL5 or CXCL10. This effect of the inactivated- H5N1 was inhibited by sialic acid receptor inhibitor (β-2,3 sialidase), adenosine diphosphatase (apyrase), P2Y receptor (P2YR) inhibitor (suramin), P2Y6R antagonist (MRS2578), phospholipase C inhibitor (U73122), protein kinase C inhibitors (BIM and GoE6976) and cellpermeant Ca2+ chelator (BAPTA-AM). Inhibitors of MAPK signaling, including of ERK1/2 (PD98059), p38 MAPK (SB203580) and JNK (SP600125) significantly suppressed the inactivated- H5N1-induced mRNA expression of CXCL8. On the other hand, the inactivated- H5N1-induced mRNA expression of IL-6 was inhibited by SB203580, but not PD98059 or SP600125, whereas SN-50, an inhibitor of NF-B, inhibited the effect of virus on mRNA expression of both of IL-6 and CXCL8. Taken together, our data suggest that, without infection, inactivated-H5N1 induces mRNA expression of IL-6 and CXCL8 by a mechanism, or mechanisms, requiring interaction between viral hemagglutinin and β-2,3 sialic acid receptors at the cell membrane of host cells, and involves activation of P2Y6 purinergic receptors.
ISSN: 19326203
Appears in Collections:Scopus 2016-2017

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