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Title: Kinetics, longevity, and cross-reactivity of antineuraminidase antibody after natural infection with influenza a viruses
Authors: Don Changsom
Li Jiang
Hatairat Lerdsamran
Sopon Iamsirithaworn
Rungrueng Kitphati
Phisanu Pooruk
Prasert Auewarakul
Pilaipan Puthavathana
Mahidol University
Thailand Ministry of Public Health
Thailand Government Pharmaceutical Organization
Keywords: Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology;Immunology and Microbiology
Issue Date: 1-Dec-2017
Citation: Clinical and Vaccine Immunology. Vol.24, No.12 (2017)
Abstract: © 2017 American Society for Microbiology. All Rights Reserved. The kinetics, longevity, and breadth of antibodies to influenza virus neuraminidase (NA) in archival, sequential serum/plasma samples from influenza A virus (IAV) H5N1 infection survivors and from patients infected with the 2009 pandemic IAV (H1N1) virus were determined using an enzyme-linked lectin-based assay. The reverse-genetics-derived H4N1 viruses harboring a hemagglutinin (HA) segment from A/duck/Shan Tou/461/2000 (H4N9) and an NA segment derived from either IAV H5N1 clade 1, IAV H5N1 clade 2.3.4, the 2009 pandemic IAV (H1N1) (H1N1pdm), or A/Puerto Rico/8/1934 (H1N1) virus were used as the test antigens. These serum/ plasma samples were also investigated by microneutralization (MN) and/or hemagglutination inhibition (HI) assays. Neuraminidase-inhibiting (NI) antibodies against N1 NA of both homologous and heterologous viruses were observed in H5N1 survivors and H1N1pdm patients. H5N1 survivors who were never exposed to H1N1pdm virus developed NI antibodies to H1N1pdm NA. Seroconversion of NI antibodies was observed in 65% of the H1N1pdm patients at day 7 after disease onset, but an increase in titer was not observed in serum samples obtained late in infection. On the other hand, an increase in seroconversion rate with the HI assay was observed in the follow-up series of sera obtained on days 7, 14, 28, and 90 after infection. The study also showed that NI antibodies are broadly reactive, while MN and HI antibodies are more strain specific.
ISSN: 1556679X
Appears in Collections:Scopus 2016-2017

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