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Title: Acquisition of naturally acquired antibody response to Plasmodium falciparum erythrocyte membrane protein 1-DBLα and differential regulation of IgG subclasses in severe and uncomplicated malaria
Authors: Natharinee Horata
Kiattawee Choowongkomon
Siriluk Ratanabunyong
Jarinee Tongshoob
Srisin Khusmith
Huachiew Chalermprakiet University
Kasetsart University
Mahidol University
Keywords: Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology
Issue Date: 1-Dec-2017
Citation: Asian Pacific Journal of Tropical Biomedicine. Vol.7, No.12 (2017), 1055-1061
Abstract: © 2017 Hainan Medical University Objectives To explore whether individuals infected with Plasmodium falciparum (P. falciparum) develop antibodies directed against PfEMP1-DBLα and to assess their IgG subclass distribution in severe and uncomplicated malaria. Methods The anti-PfDBLα IgG and their IgG subclass distributions in plasma of severe (SM) and uncomplicated malaria (UCM) were assessed by enzyme-linked immunoabsorbent assay. The antibody profiles to P. falciparum blood stage antigens were evaluated. CD36 binding ability was determined by static receptor-binding assays. Rosette formation was performed by staining with acridine orange. Results Significantly higher number of UCM (86.48%) than SM (57.78%) plasma contained total acquisition of specific IgG to P. falciparum antigens (P = 0.000). Similar manners were seen in response to P. falciparum DBLα with significant difference (UCM, 59.46% vs SM, 40.00%; P = 0.014). Anti-PfDBLα-IgG1 and -IgG3 were the predominant subclasses. Similar percentage of UCM (31.82%) and SM (33.33%) plasma contained only IgG1, while 13.64% of UCM and 27.78% of SM plasma contained only IgG3. Anti-PfDBLα-IgG1 coexpressed with more than one subclass was noted (UCM, 27.27%; SM, 16.67%). Obviously, IgG1 coexpressed with IgG3 (9.09%) was observed in only UCM plasma. IgG1 was coexpressed with IgG2 in UCM (9.09%) and SM (11.11%) plasma, while IgG1 was coexpressed with IgG4 only in UCM plasma (4.55%). IgG subclasses to P. falciparum antigens were distributed in a similar manner. Only the levels of IgG1, but not IgG3 were significantly higher in UCM than in SM. Conclusions These data suggest that individuals infected with P. falciparum can develop the anti-PfEMP1 antibodies with the major contribution of specific IgG subclasses. The balance and the levels of anti-PfDBLα IgG subclasses play a crucial role in antibody mediated protection against severe malaria.
ISSN: 22211691
Appears in Collections:Scopus 2016-2017

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