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Title: P53 Mutation and Epigenetic Imprinted IGF2/H19 Gene Analysis in Mesenchymal Stem Cells Derived from Amniotic Fluid, Amnion, Endometrium, and Wharton's Jelly
Authors: Tatsanee Phermthai
Puttachart Pokathikorn
Suparat Wichitwiengrat
Sasiprapa Thongbopit
Kittima Tungprasertpol
Suphakde Julavijitphong
Mahidol University
Keywords: Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology
Issue Date: 15-Sep-2017
Citation: Stem Cells and Development. Vol.26, No.18 (2017), 1344-1354
Abstract: © Copyright 2017, Mary Ann Liebert, Inc. 2017. Mesenchymal stem cells (MSC) are promising cells for medical therapy. In in vitro expansion, MSC can give rise to progeny with genomic and epigenomic alterations, resulting in senescence, loss of terminal differentiation, and transformation to cancer. However, MSC genome protects its genetic instability by a guardian function of the P53 tumor suppressor gene and epigenetic balance system during MSC culture. Mutations of P53 and epigenetic alterations have been reported to disrupt the quality and quantity of MSC and initiate tumorigenesis. We monitor P53 and epigenetic changes in MSC derived from amniotic fluid (AF-MSC), amnion membrane (AM-MSC), endometrium (EM-MSC), and Wharton's jelly (WJ-MSC) by the missense mutation analysis of the P53 gene and the expression levels of P53, and epigenetic insulin-like growth factor 2 (IGF2) and H19-imprinted genes. Our work demonstrates a variation of P53 expression among different MSC types. AF-MSC has a high P53 expression level with retaining a stability of P53 expression throughout a long culture period, whereas EM-MSC and WJ-MSC showed variation of P53 gene expression during culture. Epigenetic analysis showed a stable H19 expression pattern in AF-MSC, AM-MSC, and EM-MSC culture, whereas H19 expression fluctuated in WJ-MSC culture. We conclude that gene instability can be found during in vitro MSC expansion. With awareness to MSC quality and safety in MSC transformation risk, P53 mutation and IGF2 and H19-imprinted gene analysis should be applied to monitor in therapeutic-grade MSC. We also demonstrated that AF-MSC is one of the most interesting MSC for medical therapy because of its high genomic stability and epigenetic fidelity.
ISSN: 15578534
Appears in Collections:Scopus 2016-2017

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