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|Title:||Alpha-2 macroglobulin as a region-specific secretory protein in male reproductive tract, and its dynamics during sperm transit toward the female spermatheca in the blue crab|
|Keywords:||Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology|
|Citation:||Molecular Reproduction and Development. Vol.84, No.7 (2017), 585-595|
|Abstract:||© 2017 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. A 250-kDa protein was isolated from fluid in the middle spermatic duct (MSD) of the blue crab (Portunus pelagicus). N-terminal and partial amino acid sequences revealed that this MSD-specific protein is highly similar to the plasma-enriched protein Alpha-2 macroglobulin (α2M). The P. pelagicus ortholog (Ppα2M) is a large glycoprotein possessing mannose and N-acetylglucosamine residues. Ppa2m mRNA was detected in the spermatic duct, androgenic gland, and hematopoietic tissue, whereas the protein was primarily observed in the apical cytoplasm of MSD epithelium and in the matrix of the acrosome of MSD sperm; distally within spermatic duct, Ppα2M was lost from the sperm membrane but remained in the sperm acrosome. These results suggest that Ppα2M is expressed and glycosylated in the epithelium of spermatic ducts, secreted into MSD fluid, taken up by sperm in the MSD, and removed from the surface of sperm during its transit towards the female spermatheca. Given that Ppα2M also exhibits protease inhibitor activity, we hypothesize that acrosome localized Ppα2M may suppress premature acrosome reaction during post-testicular sperm maturation in this crab.|
|Appears in Collections:||Scopus 2016-2017|
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