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|Title:||The fibrinogen-like domain of FREP1 protein is a broad-spectrum malaria transmission-blocking vaccine antigen|
Noah S. Butler
University of Oklahoma
University of Iowa
Florida International University
|Keywords:||Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology|
|Citation:||Journal of Biological Chemistry. Vol.292, No.28 (2017), 11960-11969|
|Abstract:||© 2017 by The American Society for Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, Inc. FREP1 in mosquito midguts facilitates Plasmodium falciparum parasite transmission. The fibrinogen-like (FBG) domain of FREP1 is highly conserved (>90% identical) among Anopheles species from different continents, suggesting that anti-FBG antibodies may block malaria transmission to all anopheline mosquitoes. Using standard membrane-feeding assays, anti-FREP1 polyclonal antibodies significantly blocked transmission of Plasmodium berghei and Plasmodium vivax to Anopheles gambiae and Anopheles dirus, respectively. Furthermore, in vivo studies of mice immunized with FBG achieved >75% blocking efficacy of P. berghei to A. gambiae without triggering immunopathology. Anti-FBG serum also reduced >81% of P. falciparum infection to A. gambiae. Finally, we showed that FBG interacts with Plasmodium gametocytes and ookinetes, revealing the molecular mechanism of its antibody transmission-blocking activity. Collectively, our data support that FREP1-mediated Plasmodium transmission to mosquitoes is a conserved pathway and that targeting the FBG domain of FREP1 will limit the transmission of multiple Plasmodium species to multiple Anopheles species.|
|Appears in Collections:||Scopus 2016-2017|
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