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|Title:||Glutathionylation of chikungunya nsP2 protein affects protease activity|
Duncan R. Smith
Albert J. Ketterman
|Keywords:||Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology|
|Citation:||Biochimica et Biophysica Acta - General Subjects. Vol.1861, No.2 (2017), 106-111|
|Abstract:||© 2016 Elsevier B.V. Background Chikungunya fever is an emerging disease caused by the chikungunya virus and is now being spread worldwide by the mosquito Aedes albopictus. The infection can cause a persistent severe joint pain and recent reports link high levels of viremia to neuropathologies and fatalities. The viral protein nsP2 is a multifunctional enzyme that plays several critical roles in virus replication. Virus infection induces oxidative stress in host cells which the virus utilizes to aid viral propagation. Cellular oxidative stress also triggers glutathionylation which is a post-translational protein modification that can modulate physiological roles of affected proteins. Methods The nsP2 protease is necessary for processing of the virus nonstructural polyprotein generated during replication. We use the recombinant nsP2 protein to measure protease activity before and after glutathionylation. Mass spectrometry allowed the identification of the glutathione-modified cysteines. Using immunoblots, we show that the glutathionylation of nsP2 occurs in virus-infected cells. Results We show that in virus-infected cells, the chikungunya nsP2 can be glutathionylated and we show this modification can impact on the protease activity. We also identify 6 cysteine residues that are glutathionylated of the 20 cysteines in the protein. Conclusions The virus-induced oxidative stress causes modification of viral proteins which appears to modulate virus protein function. General significance Viruses generate oxidative stress to regulate and hijack host cell systems and this environment also appears to modulate virus protein function. This may be a general target for intervention in viral pathogenesis.|
|Appears in Collections:||Scopus 2016-2017|
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