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Title: Mass spectrometry analysis shows the biosynthetic pathways supported by pyruvate carboxylase in highly invasive breast cancer cells
Authors: Phatchariya Phannasil
Israr ul H. Ansari
Mahmoud El Azzouny
Melissa J. Longacre
Khanti Rattanapornsompong
Charles F. Burant
Michael J. MacDonald
Sarawut Jitrapakdee
Mahidol University
University of Wisconsin School of Medicine and Public Health
University of Michigan Medical School
Keywords: Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology
Issue Date: 1-Feb-2017
Citation: Biochimica et Biophysica Acta - Molecular Basis of Disease. Vol.1863, No.2 (2017), 537-551
Abstract: © 2016 Elsevier B.V. We recently showed that the anaplerotic enzyme pyruvate carboxylase (PC) is up-regulated in human breast cancer tissue and its expression is correlated with the late stages of breast cancer and tumor size [Phannasil et al., PloS One 10, e0129848, 2015]. In the current study we showed that PC enzyme activity is much higher in the highly invasive breast cancer cell line MDA-MB-231 than in less invasive breast cancer cell lines. We generated multiple stable PC knockdown cell lines from the MDA-MB-231 cell line and used mass spectrometry with13C6-glucose and13C5-glutamine to discern the pathways that use PC in support of cell growth. Cells with severe PC knockdown showed a marked reduction in viability and proliferation rates suggesting the perturbation of pathways that are involved in cancer invasiveness. Strong PC suppression lowered glucose incorporation into downstream metabolites of oxaloacetate, the product of the PC reaction, including malate, citrate and aspartate. Levels of pyruvate, lactate, the redox partner of pyruvate, and acetyl-CoA were also lower suggesting the impairment of mitochondrial pyruvate cycles. Serine, glycine and 5-carbon sugar levels and flux of glucose into fatty acids were decreased. ATP, ADP and NAD(H) levels were unchanged indicating that PC suppression did not significantly affect mitochondrial energy production. The data indicate that the major metabolic roles of PC in invasive breast cancer are primarily anaplerosis, pyruvate cycling and mitochondrial biosynthesis of precursors of cellular components required for breast cancer cell growth and replication.
ISSN: 1879260X
Appears in Collections:Scopus 2016-2017

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