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Title: Neuroprotection of agomelatine against cerebral ischemia/reperfusion injury through an antiapoptotic pathway in rat
Authors: Wijitra Chumboatong
Sarinthorn Thummayot
Piyarat Govitrapong
Chainarong Tocharus
Jinatta Jittiwat
Jiraporn Tocharus
Chiang Mai University
Mahidol University
Mahasarakham University
Keywords: Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology
Issue Date: 1-Jan-2017
Citation: Neurochemistry International. Vol.102, (2017), 114-122
Abstract: © 2016 Elsevier Ltd Agomelatine is an agonist of the melatonergic MT1/MT2 receptors and an antagonist of the serotonergic 5-HT receptors. Its actions mimic melatonin in antioxidative and anti-inflammation. However, the protective mechanism of agomelatine in ischemic/reperfusion (I/R) injury has not been investigated. In this study, cerebral I/R injury rats were induced by middle cerebral artery occlusion (MCAO) for 2 h followed by reperfusion. The rats were randomly divided into 6 groups (12 rats per group): sham-operated; vehicle-treated I/R; 20 mg/kg, 40 mg/kg, and 80 mg/kg agomelatine-treated I/R; and 10 mg/kg melatonin-treated I/R. Agomelatine and melatonin were intraperitoneally administrated to the rats 1 h before MCAO induction. After reperfusion for 24 h, the brain samples were harvested for evaluating the infarct volume, histological changes, terminal deoxynucleotidyltransferase-mediated deoxyuridine triphosphate nick-end labeling (TUNEL) staining as well as cleaved caspase-3, Bax, Bcl-XL, nuclear factor erythroid-2-related factor (Nrf2), and heme oxygenase (HO-1) levels. Agomelatine treatment significantly decreased apoptosis, with decreases in Bax and cleaved caspase-3, and increased Bcl-XL, along with a decrease in apoptotic neuronal cells. Moreover, agomelatine was also found to markedly increase the expression of HO-1, the antioxidative enzymes, and the activity of superoxide dismutase (SOD) mediated by Nrf2 pathway. Agomelatine treatment protects the brain from cerebral I/R injury by suppressing apoptosis and agomelatine has antioxidant properties. Hence, there exists the possibility of developing agomelatine as a potential candidate for treating ischemic stroke.
ISSN: 18729754
Appears in Collections:Scopus 2016-2017

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