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|Title:||Green analytical flow method for the determination of total sulfite in wine using membraneless gas-liquid separation with contactless conductivity detection|
Flow Innovation-Research for Science and Technology Laboratories (Firstlabs)
|Citation:||Analytical Methods. Vol.9, No.43 (2017), 6107-6116|
|Abstract:||© 2017 The Royal Society of Chemistry. A green analytical flow method was developed for the determination of total sulfite in white wine. The method employs the membraneless vaporization (MBL-VP) technique for gas-sample separation allowing direct analysis of wine. Sulfite in an aliquot of sample was converted to SO2 gas via acidification. Dissolution of the gas into the water acceptor led to a change in the conductivity of the acceptor which was monitored using a 'capacitively coupled contactless conductivity detector' (C4D) flow cell. Only a minute amount of common acid (100 μL of 1.5 mol L-1 H2SO4) is used. The MBL-VP unit was incorporated into the flow system to separate the SO2 gas from the wine sample using the headspace above the donor and acceptor compartments as a virtual membrane. The method provides a linear working range (10-200 mg L-1 sulfite) which is suitable for most wines with calibration equation y = (0.056 ± 0.002)x + (1.10 ± 0.22) and r2 = 0.998. Sample throughput is 26 samples h-1. The lower limit of quantitation (LLOQ = 3SD of blank per slope) is 0.3 mg L-1 sulfite for 20 s diffusion time with good precision (%RSD = 0.8 for 100 mg L-1 sulfite, n = 10). We also present a simple modification of the MBL-VP unit by the addition of a third cone-shaped reservoir to provide two acceptor zones leading to improvement in sensitivity of more than three-fold without use of heating to enhance the rate of diffusion of SO2.|
|Appears in Collections:||Scopus 2016-2017|
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