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|Title:||Adenosine monophosphate-activated protein kinase activation and suppression of inflammatory response by cell stretching in rabbit synovial fibroblasts|
|Keywords:||Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology|
|Citation:||Molecular and Cellular Biochemistry. Vol.423, No.1-2 (2016), 175-185|
|Abstract:||© 2016, Springer Science+Business Media New York. Joint mobilization is known to be beneficial in osteoarthritis (OA) patients. This study aimed to investigate the effect of stretching on adenosine monophosphate-activated protein kinase (AMPK) activity and its role in modulating inflammation in rabbit synovial fibroblasts. Uniaxial stretching of isolated rabbit synovial fibroblasts for ten min was performed. Stretching-induced AMPK activation, its underlying mechanism, and its anti-inflammatory effect were investigated using Western blot. Static stretching at 20 % of initial length resulted in AMPK activation characterized by expression of phosphorylated AMPK and phosphorylated acetyl-Co A carboxylase. AMP-activated protein kinase phosphorylation peaked 1 h after stretching and declined toward resting activity. Using cell viability assays, static stretching did not appear to cause cellular damage. Activation of AMPK involves Ca2+ influx via a mechanosensitive L-type Ca2+ channel, which subsequently raises intracellular Ca2+ and activates AMPK via Ca2+/calmodulin-dependent protein kinase kinase β (CaMKKβ). Interestingly, stretching suppressed TNFα-induced expression of COX-2, iNOS, and phosphorylated NF-κB. These effects were prevented by pretreatment with compound C, an AMPK inhibitor. These results suggest that mechanical stretching suppressed inflammatory responses in synovial fibroblasts via a L-type Ca2+-channel-CaMKKβ-AMPK-dependent pathway which may underlie joint mobilization’s ability to alleviate OA symptoms.|
|Appears in Collections:||Scopus 2016-2017|
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