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Title: Comparison on Human Resource Requirement between Manual and Automated Dispensing Systems
Authors: Prapaporn Noparatayaporn
Rungpetch Sakulbumrungsil
Tanita Thaweethamcharoen
Wunwisa Sangseenil
Mahidol University
Keywords: Economics, Econometrics and Finance
Issue Date: 1-May-2017
Citation: Value in Health Regional Issues. Vol.12, (2017), 107-111
Abstract: © 2017 Objective This study was conducted to compare human resource requirement among manual, automated, and modified automated dispensing systems. Methods Data were collected from the pharmacy department at the 2100-bed university hospital (Siriraj Hospital, Bangkok, Thailand). Data regarding the duration of the medication distribution process were collected by using self-reported forms for 1 month. The data on the automated dispensing machine (ADM) system were obtained from 1 piloted inpatient ward, whereas those on the manual system were the average of other wards. Data on dispensing, returned unused medication, and stock management processes under the traditional manual system and the ADM system were from actual activities, whereas the modified ADM system was modeled. The full-time equivalent (FTE) of each model was estimated for comparison. Results The result showed that the manual system required 46.84 FTEs of pharmacists and 132.66 FTEs of pharmacy technicians. By adding pharmacist roles on screening and verification under the ADM system, the ADM system required 117.61 FTEs of pharmacists. Replacing counting and filling medication functions by ADM has decreased the number of pharmacy technicians to 55.38 FTEs. After the modified ADM system canceled the return unused medication process, FTEs requirement for pharmacists and pharmacy technicians decreased to 69.78 and 51.90 FTEs, respectively. Conclusions The ADM system decreased the workload of pharmacy technicians, whereas it required more time from pharmacists. However, the increased workload of pharmacists was associated with more comprehensive patient care functions, which resulted from the redesigned work process.
ISSN: 22121102
Appears in Collections:Scopus 2016-2017

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