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Title: Health risk assessment from haloacetic acids exposure in indoor and outdoor swimming pool water
Authors: Weerawat Ounsaneha
Pimjai Kraisin
Thunwadee Tachapattaworakul Suksaroj
Chaisri Suksaroj
Cheerawit Rattanapan
Valaya Alongkorn Rajabhat University
Prince of Songkla University
Mahidol University
Keywords: Environmental Science
Issue Date: 1-Jul-2017
Citation: EnvironmentAsia. Vol.10, No.2 (2017), 177-185
Abstract: © 2017, Thai Society of Higher Eduation Institutes on Environment. All rights reserved. The concentrations of haloacetic acids (HAAs)in both indoor and outdoor swimming pools were assessed for cancer and non-cancer health risks with water samples collected during the summer and rainy seasons from two sources. Results showed that average concentrations of HAA5 (MCAA, DCAA, TCAA, MBAA, and DBAA) in both indoor and outdoor pools ranged from 74.28 to 163.05 µg/L which was higher than USEPA and WHO water quality standards. Cancer and non-cancer risk values of HAA5 exposure from both swimming pool types were acceptable risks based on USEPA recommendation (10-6-10-4and <1, respectively). The highest cancer and non-cancer risk values of HAAs exposure were females for indoor pool and children for outdoor pool, respectively. Cancer and non-cancer risk values of HAA5 exposure fromoutdoor pool were higher than indoor pool and during the rainy season, respectively. Results indicated that monitoring and control of water quality and accumulated organic substance in swimming pools should be followed to maximize health risk reduction from HAA exposure.
ISSN: 19061714
Appears in Collections:Scopus 2016-2017

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