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Title: Intestinal parasitic infections and environmental water contamination in a rural village of northern Lao PDR
Authors: Alexis Ribas
Chloé Jollivet
Serge Morand
Boupha Thongmalayvong
Silaphet Somphavong
Chern Chiang Siew
Pei Jun Ting
Saipin Suputtamongkol
Viengsaene Saensombath
Surapol Sanguankiat
Boon Huan Tan
Phimpha Paboriboune
Kongsap Akkhavong
Kittipong Chaisiri
Universitat de Barcelona
Kasetsart University
National Institutes of Health, Bethesda
Centre d'Infectiologie Christophe Mérieux du Laos
DSO National Laboratories
Thammasat University
Luang Prabang Provincial Hospital
Mahidol University
Keywords: Immunology and Microbiology
Issue Date: 1-Oct-2017
Citation: Korean Journal of Parasitology. Vol.55, No.5 (2017), 523-532
Abstract: © 2017, Korean Society for Parasitology and Tropical Medicine. A field survey studying intestinal parasites in humans and microbial pathogen contamination at environment was performed in a Laotian rural village to identify potential risks for disease outbreaks. A parasitological investigation was conducted in Ban Lak Sip village, Luang Prabang, Lao PDR involving fecal samples from 305 inhabitants as well as water samples taken from 3 sites of the local stream. Water analysis indicated the presence of several enteric pathogens, i.e., Aeromonas spp., Vibrio spp., E. coli H7, E. coli O157: H7, verocytotoxin-producing E. coli (VTEC), Shigella spp., and enteric adenovirus. The level of microbial pathogens contamination was associated with human activity, with greater levels of contamination found at the downstream site compared to the site at the village and upstream, respectively. Regarding intestinal parasites, the prevalence of helminth and protozoan infections were 68.9% and 27.2%, respectively. Eight helminth taxa were identified in fecal samples, i.e., 2 tapeworm species (Taenia sp. and Hymenolepis diminuta), 1 trematode (Opisthorchis sp.), and 5 nematodes (Ascaris lumbricoides, Trichuris trichiura, Strongyloides stercoralis, trichostrongylids, and hookworms). Six species of intestinal protists were identified, i.e., Blastocystis hominis, Cyclospora spp., Endolimax nana, Entamoeba histolytica/E. dispar, Entamoeba coli, and Giardia lamblia. Questionnaires and interviews were also conducted to determine risk factors of infection. These analyses together with a prevailing infection level suggested that most of villagers were exposed to parasites in a similar degree due to limited socio-economic differences and sharing of similar practices. Limited access to effective public health facilities is also a significant contributing factor.
ISSN: 17380006
Appears in Collections:Scopus 2016-2017

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