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Title: Involvement of fatty acid synthase in dengue virus infection
Authors: Natthida Tongluan
Suwipa Ramphan
Phitchayapak Wintachai
Janthima Jaresitthikunchai
Sarawut Khongwichit
Nitwara Wikan
Supoth Rajakam
Sutee Yoksan
Nuttaporn Wongsiriroj
Sittiruk Roytrakul
Duncan R. Smith
Mahidol University
Thailand National Center for Genetic Engineering and Biotechnology
Keywords: Immunology and Microbiology
Issue Date: 13-Feb-2017
Citation: Virology Journal. Vol.14, No.1 (2017)
Abstract: © 2017 The Author(s). Background: The mosquito transmitted Dengue virus (DENV) remains a significant public health problem in many tropical and subtropical countries. Increasing evidence has suggested that during the infection process cellular lipids play important roles at several stages of the replication cycle. This study sought to characterize the changes in lipid metabolism gene expression and investigated the role of one enzyme, fatty acid synthase, in DENV infection. Methods: Transcriptional profiles of genes associated with lipid metabolism were evaluated by real-time PCR after infection of different cell lines (HepG2 and HEK293T/17) and with different DENVs (laboratory adapted and low passage). Expression profiles of genes were evaluated by western blotting. A critical lipid metabolism protein, fatty acid synthase was down-regulated through siRNA and inhibited with orlistat and the effect on DENV infection determined by flow cytometry, plaque assay, western blotting and confocal microscopy. Results: The results showed alterations of gene transcription and expression were seen in genes variously associated with lipogenesis, lipolysis and fatty acid β-oxidation during DENV infection. Interference of fatty acid synthase with either siRNA or orlistat had marked effects on virus production, with orlistat having an EC50 value of 10.07 μM at 24 h post infection. However, non-structural protein expression was largely unaffected. Conclusions: While drug treatment reduced virus titer by up to 3Log10, no significant effect on DENV non-structural protein expression was observed, suggesting that fatty acid synthase acts through an effect on virion formation.
ISSN: 1743422X
Appears in Collections:Scopus 2016-2017

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