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Title: Cardiovascular disease and cardiovascular disease risk in HIV-positive populations in the Asian region
Authors: Rimke Bijker
Jun Yong Choi
Rossana Ditangco
Sasisopin Kiertiburanakul
Man Po Lee
Sarawut Siwamogsatham
Sanjay Pujari
Jeremy Ross
Chi Yuen Wong
Wing Wai Wong
Evy Yunihastuti
Matthew Law
University of New South Wales (UNSW) Australia
Yonsei University College of Medicine
Mahidol University
Queen Elizabeth Hospital Hong Kong
King Chulalongkorn Memorial Hospital, Faculty of Medicine Chulalongkorn University
Chulalongkorn University
Institute of Infectious Diseases
Veterans General Hospital-Taipei
University of Indonesia, RSUPN Dr. Cipto Mangunkusumo
Keywords: Immunology and Microbiology
Issue Date: 1-Aug-2017
Citation: Open AIDS Journal. Vol.11, (2017), 52-66
Abstract: © 2017 Bijker et al. Introduction: Cardiovascular diseases (CVD) are becoming more prevalent in HIV-infected populations as they age largely due to improved treatment outcomes. Assessment of CVD risk and CVD risk factors in HIV-positive populations has focused on high income settings, while there are limited studies evaluating CVD in HIV-positive populations in the Asian region. Materials and Methods: We provided an overview of the prevalence and incidence of CVD and its risk factors in adult HIV-positive populations, and of the strategies currently in place for CVD management in the Asian region. Results: Studies from the Asian region showed that CVD and CVD risk factors, such as dyslipidaemia, elevated blood glucose, obesity and smoking, are highly prevalent in HIV-positive populations. A number of studies suggested that HIV infection and antiretroviral therapy may contribute to increased CVD risk. National HIV treatment guidelines provide some directions regarding CVD risk prevention and management in the HIV-infected population, however, they are limited in number and scope. Conclusion: Development and consolidation of guidelines for integrated CVD and HIV care are essential to control the burden of CVD in HIVpositive populations. To inform guidelines, policies and practice in the Asian region, research should focus on exploring appropriate CVD risk screening strategies and estimating current and future CVD mortality and morbidity rates.
ISSN: 18746136
Appears in Collections:Scopus 2016-2017

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