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Title: Pharmacokinetics of Compound D, the Major Bioactive Component of Zingiber cassumunar, in Rats
Authors: Phisit Khemawoot
Natthaphon Hunsakunachai
Tosapol Anukunwithaya
Kunan Bangphumi
Boonsri Ongpipattanakul
Weena Jiratchariyakul
Ruedee Soawakontha
Thanakorn Inthachart
Thaweephol Dechatiwongse Na Ayudhya
Sittichai Koontongkaew
Orapan Poachanukoon
Chulalongkorn University
Mahidol University
Huachiew Chalermprakiet University
Thammasat University
Faculty of Medicine, Thammasat University
Keywords: Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology;Chemistry;Medicine
Issue Date: 1-Aug-2016
Citation: Planta Medica. Vol.82, No.13 (2016), 1186-1191
Abstract: © Georg Thieme Verlag KG Stuttgart New York. Rhizomes of Zingiber cassumunar have been used for many years in traditional Thai medicine as an anti-inflammatory agent. The major bioactive component of this plant is Compound D [E-4-(3′, 4′-dimethoxyphenyl)but-3-en-1-ol], which is a strong smooth muscle relaxant, and has antihistamine and anti-inflammatory actions. There is, however, incomplete information available for the pharmacokinetics of Compound D in mammals. In this study, we examined the pharmacokinetic profiles of Compound D in male Wistar rats. A standardized extract of Z. cassumunar containing 4% w/w Compound D was administered intravenously at 25 mg/kg or by oral gavage at 25, 75, or 250 mg/kg to Wistar rats. Blood, tissues, urine, and feces were collected from 0 to 48 h after dosing and the level of Compound D was determined by liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry. The concentration of Compound D ranged from 10-100 μg/L, reached a maximum approximately 0.15 h after oral dosing. Compound D exhibited an excellent tissue to plasma ratio, ranging from 1- to 1000 in several organs at 1-4 h after oral dosing. Less than 1% of unchanged Compound D was excreted in the urine and feces. Further studies on tissue uptake and metabolite identification are required to obtain complete pharmacokinetic information and to develop appropriate dosing strategies of Compound D and the standardized extract of Z. cassumunar.
ISSN: 14390221
Appears in Collections:Scopus 2016-2017

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