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Title: Ultrasound screening for cholangiocarcinoma could detect premalignant lesions and early-stage diseases with survival benefits: A population-based prospective study of 4,225 subjects in an endemic area
Authors: Prakongboon Sungkasubun
Surachate Siripongsakun
Kunlayanee Akkarachinorate
Sirachat Vidhyarkorn
Akeanong Worakitsitisatorn
Thaniya Sricharunrat
Sutida Singharuksa
Rawisak Chanwat
Chairat Bunchaliew
Sirima Charoenphattharaphesat
Ruechuta Molek
Maneenop Yimyaem
Gaidganok Sornsamdang
Kamonwan Soonklang
Kasiruck Wittayasak
Chirayu U. Auewarakul
Chulabhorn Mahidol
Chulabhorn Graduate Institute
Ban Luang Hospital
Mahidol University
National Cancer Institute Thailand
Chulabhorn Research Institute
Keywords: Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology
Issue Date: 2-Jun-2016
Citation: BMC Cancer. Vol.16, No.1 (2016)
Abstract: © 2016 The Author(s). Background: Thailand has a high incidence of cholangiocarcinoma (CCA), particularly in the north and northeastern regions. Most CCA patients come at a late, unresectable stage and presently no optimal screening test for CCA has been established. We determined the prevalence of CCA in a remote northern village and explored if screening could lead to early detection and survival benefits. Methods: A 5-year population-based study was started in October, 2011 for consented Thai individuals, aged 30-60 years. The screening program comprised blood testing, stool examination and serial ultrasonography every 6 months. Results: During the first 3 years, 4,225 eligible individuals were enrolled. CCA was detected in 32 patients, with a mean age of 51.9 years (41-62 years), and 21/32 cases were at a curative resectable stage. The prevalence rate of CCA was 165.7 per 100,000 and one- and two-year incidence rate was 236.7/100,000 and 520.7/100,000, respectively. One- and 2-year overall survival rates of CCA patients were 90.9 and 61.5 %, respectively. Prognosis was better in resectable cases with 100 % 1-year and 77.8 % 2-year survival rates. Interestingly, premalignant pathological lesions (stage 0) were identified in 11 cases with 100 % 3-year survival rate. Serum biomarkers and alkaline phosphatase were not sufficient to detect early-stage disease. In 22 patients, stool samples were positive for Opistorchis viverrini, based on polymerase chain reaction. Conclusion: Detection of premalignant lesions and early-stage resectable CCA by ultrasonography resulted in improved clinical outcome. Ultrasonography should be offered as a first screening tool for CCA in an endemic area until other useful biological markers become available.
ISSN: 14712407
Appears in Collections:Scopus 2016-2017

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