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Title: Cholesterol-based cationic liposome increases dsRNA protection of yellow head virus infection in Penaeus vannamei
Authors: Poohrawind Sanitt
Nuttapon Apiratikul
Nattisa Niyomtham
Boon Ek Yingyongnarongkul
Wanchai Assavalapsakul
Sakol Panyim
Apinunt Udomkit
Mahidol University
Srinakharinwirot University
Ramkhamhaeng University
Chulalongkorn University
Keywords: Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology;Immunology and Microbiology
Issue Date: 20-Jun-2016
Citation: Journal of Biotechnology. Vol.228, (2016), 95-102
Abstract: © 2016 Elsevier B.V. Protection of shrimp from yellow head virus (YHV) infection has been demonstrated by injection and oral delivery of dsRNA-YHV protease gene (dsYHV) or shrimp endogenous gene (dsRab7). However, to achieve complete viral suppression and to prolong dsRNA activity, the development of an effective dsRNA delivery system is required. In this study, four cationic liposomes were synthesized and tested for their ability to increase dsRNA efficiency. The results demonstrated that entrapping dsYHV in a cholesterol-based cationic liposome gave the best protection against YHV infection when compared with other cationic lipids. The cholesterol-based cationic liposome-dsYHV (Chol-dsYHV) complex conferred YHV protection in a dose-dependent manner. Injection with Chol-dsYHV at 0.05 μg dsYHV/g shrimp could give comparable level of YHV protection to the injection with 1.25 μg naked dsYHV/g shrimp. The shrimp injected with Chol- dsYHV at 1.25 μg dsRNA/g shrimp showed only 50% mortality at 60 days post injection whereas the naked dsYHV at the same concentration gave 90% mortality. Thus, the liposome-entrapped dsYHV could lower an effective dsRNA concentration in viral protection and prolong dsRNA activity. In addition, encapsulating dsRab7 in the cholesterol-based cationic liposome could protect the dsRab7 from enzymatic digestion, and continuous feeding the shrimp with the diet formulated with the liposome-entrapped dsRab7 for 4 days in the total of 960 μg dsRab7/g shrimp could enhance YHV protection efficiency compared with the naked dsRab7. Our studies reveal that cholesterol-based cationic liposome is a promising dsRNA carrier to enhance dsRNA efficiency in both injection and oral delivery systems.
ISSN: 18734863
Appears in Collections:Scopus 2016-2017

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