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Title: Biopiracy of natural products and good bioprospecting practice
Authors: Thomas Efferth
Mita Banerjee
Norbert W. Paul
Sara Abdelfatah
Joachim Arend
Gihan Elhassan
Sami Hamdoun
Rebecca Hamm
Chunlan Hong
Onat Kadioglu
Janine Naß
Dominic Ochwangi
Edna Ooko
Nadire Ozenver
Mohamed E.M. Saeed
Mathias Schneider
Ean Jeong Seo
Ching Fen Wu
Ge Yan
Maen Zeino
Qiaoli Zhao
Mohammad S. Abu-Darwish
Kai Andersch
Gladys Alexie
Dawn Bessarab
Dipita Bhakta-Guha
Vanderlan Bolzani
Else Dapat
Fedor V. Donenko
Monika Efferth
Henry J. Greten
Leslie Gunatilaka
Ahmed A. Hussein
Asuman Karadeniz
Hassan E. Khalid
Victor Kuete
Ik Soo Lee
Liang Liu
Jacob Midiwo
Rodrigo Mora
Hiroshi Nakagawa
Olipa Ngassapa
Chanai Noysang
Leonida K. Omosa
Fred Hwiemtun Roland
Abdelaaty A. Shahat
Antoine Saab
Elfatih M. Saeed
Letian Shan
Salam J.J. Titinchi
Johannes Gutenberg Universität Mainz
Klinikum der Johannes-Gutenberg-Universität und Fachbereich Medizin
Khartoum University
University of Nairobi
Al-Balqa Applied University
Wilderness International
Fort McPherson
Curtin University
SASTRA University
UNESP-Universidade Estadual Paulista
University of the Philippines Diliman
N.N. Blokhin Russian Cancer Research Center, Russian Academy of Medical Sciences
University of Porto
School of Natural Resources and the Environment
University of the Western Cape
Mehmet Akif Ersoy University
University of Dschang
Chonnam National University
Universidade de Macau
Ciudad Universitaria Rodrigo Facio
Chubu University
Muhimbili University of Health and Allied Sciences
Mahidol University
Duncan Vancouver Island
King Saud University College of Pharmacy
National Research Centre
Universite Libanaise
Federal Government of Sudan
Zhejiang Chinese Medical University
Keywords: Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology
Issue Date: 15-Feb-2016
Citation: Phytomedicine. Vol.23, No.2 (2016), 166-173
Abstract: © 2015 Elsevier GmbH. All rights reserved. Background Biopiracy mainly focuses on the use of biological resources and/or knowledge of indigenous tribes or communities without allowing them to share the revenues generated out of economic exploitation or other non-monetary incentives associated with the resource/knowledge. Methods Based on collaborations of scientists from five continents, we have created a communication platform to discuss not only scientific topics, but also more general issues with social relevance. This platform was termed 'PhytCancer -Phytotherapy to Fight Cancer' ( As a starting point, we have chosen the topic "biopiracy", since we feel this is of pragmatic significance for scientists working with medicinal plants. Results It was argued that the patenting of herbs or natural products by pharmaceutical corporations disregarded the ownership of the knowledge possessed by the indigenous communities on how these substances worked. Despite numerous court decisions in U.S.A. and Europe, several international treaties, (e.g. from United Nations, World Health Organization, World Trade Organization, the African Unity and others), sharing of a rational set of benefits amongst producers (mainly pharmaceutical companies) and indigenous communities is yet a distant reality. In this paper, we present an overview of the legal frameworks, discuss some exemplary cases of biopiracy and bioprospecting as excellent forms of utilization of natural resources. Conclusions We suggest certain perspectives, by which we as scientists, may contribute towards prevention of biopiracy and also to foster the fair utilization of natural resources. We discuss ways, in which the interests of indigenous people especially from developing countries can be secured.
ISSN: 1618095X
Appears in Collections:Scopus 2016-2017

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