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Title: Aberrant mRNA splicing of paired box 4 (PAX4) IVS7-1G>A mutation causing maturity-onset diabetes of the young, type 9
Authors: Jatuporn Sujjitjoon
Suwattanee Kooptiwut
Nalinee Chongjaroen
Watip Tangjittipokin
Nattachet Plengvidhya
Pa thai Yenchitsomanus
Mahidol University
Keywords: Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology
Issue Date: 1-Apr-2016
Citation: Acta Diabetologica. Vol.53, No.2 (2016), 205-216
Abstract: © 2015, Springer-Verlag Italia. Aims: Paired box 4 (PAX4) mutations cause maturity-onset diabetes of the young, type 9 (MODY9). The molecular defect and alteration of PAX4 function associated with the mutation PAX4 IVS7-1G>A in a family with MODY9 and severe diabetic complications were studied. Methods: We investigated the functional consequences of PAX4 IVS7-1G>A on mRNA splicing using minigene assays. Wild-type and mutant PAX4 were expressed in mouse pancreatic β- and α-cell lines, and protein levels and translocation of PAX4 into the nucleus were determined. We also examined transcriptional repression of PAX4 target-gene promoters and β-cell viability under diabetic-like (high-glucose) conditions. Results: PAX4 IVS7-1G>A disrupts an acceptor splice site, causing an adjacent cryptic splice site within exon 8 to be used, resulting in a three-nucleotide deletion and glutamine deletion at position 250 (p.Q250del). Wild-type and PAX4 Q250del proteins were expressed at similar levels and could translocate normally into the nucleus in βTC3 and αTC1.9 cells. However, the repressor functions of PAX4 Q250del on human insulin and glucagon promoters in INS-1 832/13 and αTC1.9 cells were significantly decreased, compared with that of wild-type PAX4. Moreover, the rate of apoptosis was increased in INS-1 cells over-expressing PAX4 Q250del when cultured in high-glucose conditions. Conclusions: PAX4 IVS7-1G>A caused aberrant mRNA splicing and PAX4 Q250 deletion. The mutation impaired PAX4 repressor functions on target-gene promoters and increased susceptibility to apoptosis upon high glucose exposure. Thus, PAX4 IVS7-1G>A contributes to the pathogenesis of diabetes in this MODY9 family through β-cell dysfunction.
ISSN: 14325233
Appears in Collections:Scopus 2016-2017

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