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Title: Molecular cloning and characterization of Siamese crocodile (Crocodylus siamensis) copper, zinc superoxide dismutase (CSI-Cu,Zn-SOD) gene
Authors: Penporn Sujiwattanarat
Parinya Pongsanarakul
Yosapong Temsiripong
Theeranan Temsiripong
Charin Thawornkuno
Yoshinobu Uno
Sasimanas Unajak
Yoichi Matsuda
Kiattawee Choowongkomon
Kornsorn Srikulnath
Kasetsart University
Sriracha Moda Co.
Mahidol University
Nagoya University
Keywords: Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology
Issue Date: 1-Jan-2016
Citation: Comparative Biochemistry and Physiology -Part A : Molecular and Integrative Physiology. Vol.191, (2016), 187-195
Abstract: © 2015 Elsevier Inc. Superoxide dismutase (SOD, EC is an antioxidant enzyme found in all living cells. It regulates oxidative stress by breaking down superoxide radicals to oxygen and hydrogen peroxide. A gene coding for Cu,Zn-SOD was cloned and characterized from Siamese crocodile (Crocodylus siamensis; CSI). The full-length expressed sequence tag (EST) of this Cu,Zn-SOD gene (designated as CSI-Cu,Zn-SOD) contained 462bp encoding a protein of 154 amino acids without signal peptides, indicated as intracellular CSI-Cu,Zn-SOD. This agreed with the results from the phylogenetic tree, which indicated that CSI-Cu,Zn-SOD belonged to the intracellular Cu,Zn-SOD. Chromosomal location determined that the CSI-Cu,Zn-SOD was localized to the proximal region of the Siamese crocodile chromosome 1p. Several highly conserved motifs, two conserved signature sequences (GFHVHEFGDNT and GNAGGRLACGVI), and conserved amino acid residues for binding copper and zinc (His47, His49, His64, His72, His81, Asp84, and His120) were also identified in CSI-Cu,Zn-SOD. Real-time PCR analysis showed that CSI-Cu,Zn-SOD mRNA was expressed in all the tissues examined (liver, pancreas, lung, kidney, heart, and whole blood), which suggests a constitutively expressed gene in these tissues. Expression of the gene in Escherichia coli cells followed by purification yielded a recombinant CSI-Cu,Zn-SOD, with Kmand Vmaxvalues of 6.075mM xanthine and 1.4×10-3mmolmin-1mg-1, respectively. This Vmaxvalue was 40 times lower than native Cu,Zn-SOD (56×10-3mmolmin-1mg-1), extracted from crocodile erythrocytes. This suggests that cofactors, protein folding properties, or post-translational modifications were lost during the protein purification process, leading to a reduction in the rate of enzyme activity in bacterial expression of CSI-Cu,Zn-SOD.
ISSN: 15314332
Appears in Collections:Scopus 2016-2017

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