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|Title:||Yellow head virus infection in black tiger shrimp reveals specific interaction with granule-containing hemocytes and crustinPm1 as a responsive protein|
|Authors:||Phattara orn Havanapan|
Albert J. Ketterman
Thailand National Center for Genetic Engineering and Biotechnology
|Keywords:||Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology;Immunology and Microbiology|
|Citation:||Developmental and Comparative Immunology. Vol.54, No.1 (2016), 126-136|
|Abstract:||© 2015 Elsevier Ltd. Yellow head virus (YHV) causes acute infections and mass mortality in black tiger shrimp culture. Our study aims to investigate molecular interaction between YHV and circulating hemocytes of Penaeus monodon at early infection. Total shrimp hemocytes were isolated by Percoll gradient centrifugation and identified by flow cytometric analysis. At least three types of hemocyte cells were identified as hyaline, semi-granular, and granular hemocytes. Experimental infection of YHV in shrimp culture demonstrated drastic changes in total and each hemocyte cell counts. Immunohistochemistry analysis demonstrated interaction and replication of YHV mainly with the granule-containing hemocytes and little to none in hyaline cell. These granule-containing hemocytes are proposed to be YHV targets providing the first line of defense to viral infection. Protein expression profiling of granule-containing hemocytes revealed several immune-responsive proteins including antimicrobial protein crustins (crustinPm1 and crustinPm4), alpha-2-macroglobulin, and kazal-type serine proteinase inhibitor. During an early phase of YHV infection at 6 hpi crustinPm1 illustrated a significant increase of mRNA and protein expression level in plasma. The results suggest that an antimicrobial crustinPm1 may participate in shrimp defense mechanism against YHV, especially on the granule-containing hemocytes.|
|Appears in Collections:||Scopus 2016-2017|
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