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Title: Chitosan oligosaccharide suppresses tumor progression in a mouse model of colitis-associated colorectal cancer through AMPK activation and suppression of NF-κB and mTOR signaling
Authors: Tharinee Mattaveewong
Preedajit Wongkrasant
Sumalee Chanchai
Rath Pichyangkura
Varanuj Chatsudthipong
Chatchai Muanprasat
Mahidol University
Chulalongkorn University
Thailand Center of Excellence for Life Sciences
Thailand Ministry of Education
Keywords: Chemistry;Materials Science
Issue Date: 10-Jul-2016
Citation: Carbohydrate Polymers. Vol.145, (2016), 30-36
Abstract: © 2016 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved. Novel, effective and safe agents are needed for the chemoprevention of colorectal cancer (CRC). This study investigated the effects of chitosan oligosaccharides (COS) on CRC progression and their underlying mechanisms and safety profiles in mice. Using a mouse model of colitis-associated CRC, we found that oral administration of COS (500 mg/kg/day) resulted in a ∼60% reduction of tumor size and tumor numbers/sectioning. In addition, COS treatment increased AMPK activity, suppressed the NF-κB-mediated inflammatory response and reduced the expressions of cyclin D1, phosphorylated ribosomal protein S6, and MMP-9 in the colon tissues of these mice. Importantly, administration of COS (500 mg/kg/day; 50 days) had no adverse effects on renal or liver functions. Our results indicate that COS suppressed CRC progression via AMPK activation and the suppression of NF-κB and mTOR signaling. COS may be of potential utility in the chemoprevention of CRC.
ISSN: 01448617
Appears in Collections:Scopus 2016-2017

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