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Title: On the Berdichevsky average
Authors: Tawat Rung-Arunwan
Weerachai Siripunvaraporn
Hisashi Utada
Mahidol University
Thailand Ministry of Education
University of Tokyo
Keywords: Earth and Planetary Sciences
Issue Date: 1-Apr-2016
Citation: Physics of the Earth and Planetary Interiors. Vol.253, (2016), 1-4
Abstract: © 2016 Elsevier B.V. Through a large number of magnetotelluric (MT) observations conducted in a study area, one can obtain regional one-dimensional (1-D) features of the subsurface electrical conductivity structure simply by taking the geometric average of determinant invariants of observed impedances. This method was proposed by Berdichevsky and coworkers, which is based on the expectation that distortion effects due to near-surface electrical heterogeneities will be statistically smoothed out. A good estimation of a regional mean 1-model is useful, especially in recent years, to be used as a priori (or a starting) model in 3-inversion. However, the original theory was derived before the establishment of the present knowledge on galvanic distortion. This paper, therefore, reexamines the meaning of the Berdichevsky average by using the conventional formulation of galvanic distortion. A simple derivation shows that the determinant invariant of distorted impedance and its Berdichevsky average is always downward biased by the distortion parameters of shear and splitting. This means that the regional mean 1-model obtained from the Berdichevsky average tends to be more conductive. As an alternative rotational invariant, the sum of the squared elements (ssq) invariant is found to be less affected by bias from distortion parameters; thus, we conclude that its geometric average would be more suitable for estimating the regional structure. We find that the combination of determinant and ssq invariants provides parameters useful in dealing with a set of distorted MT impedances.
ISSN: 00319201
Appears in Collections:Scopus 2016-2017

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