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Title: Ion Larmor radius effects near a reconnection X line at the magnetopause: THEMIS observations and simulation comparison
Authors: T. D. Phan
M. A. Shay
C. C. Haggerty
J. T. Gosling
J. P. Eastwood
M. Fujimoto
K. Malakit
F. S. Mozer
P. A. Cassak
M. Oieroset
V. Angelopoulos
Space Sciences Laboratory at UC Berkeley
University of Delaware
University of Colorado at Boulder
Imperial College London
Japan Aerospace Exploration Agency
Mahidol University
West Virginia University
University of California, Los Angeles
Keywords: Earth and Planetary Sciences
Issue Date: 16-Sep-2016
Citation: Geophysical Research Letters. Vol.43, No.17 (2016), 8844-8852
Abstract: ©2016. American Geophysical Union. All Rights Reserved. We report a Time History of Events and Macroscale Interactions during Substorms (THEMIS-D) spacecraft crossing of a magnetopause reconnection exhaust ~9 ion skin depths (di) downstream of an X line. The crossing was characterized by ion jetting at speeds substantially below the predicted reconnection outflow speed. In the magnetospheric inflow region THEMIS detected (a) penetration of magnetosheath ions and the resulting flows perpendicular to the reconnection plane, (b) ion outflow extending into the magnetosphere, and (c) enhanced electron parallel temperature. Comparison with a simulation suggests that these signatures are associated with the gyration of magnetosheath ions onto magnetospheric field lines due to the shift of the flow stagnation point toward the low-density magnetosphere. Our observations indicate that these effects, ~2–3 di in width, extend at least 9 di downstream of the X line. The detection of these signatures could indicate large-scale proximity of the X line but do not imply that the spacecraft was upstream of the electron diffusion region.
ISSN: 19448007
Appears in Collections:Scopus 2016-2017

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