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Title: Three novel mutations in α-galactosidase gene involving in galactomannan degradation in endosperm of curd coconut
Authors: Chanrith Phoeurk
Jamorn Somana
Thakorn Sornwatana
Somsiri Udompaisarn
Somchoke Traewachiwiphak
Phanthila Sirichaiyakul
Thanawat Phongsak
Dumrongkiet Arthan
Rajabhat University
Royal University of Phnom Penh
Mahidol University
Keywords: Agricultural and Biological Sciences;Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology
Issue Date: 1-Dec-2018
Citation: Phytochemistry. Vol.156, (2018), 33-42
Abstract: © 2018 Elsevier Ltd The deficiency of α-galactosidase activity in coconut endosperm has been reported to cause a disability to hydrolyze oligogalactomannan in endosperm resulting in curd coconut phenotype. However, neither the α-galactosidase encoding gene in coconut nor the mutation type has been identified and characterized in normal and curd coconuts. In this study, cDNA and genomic DNA encoding α-galactosidase gene alleles from a normal and two curd coconuts were successfully cloned and characterized. The deduced amino acid of wild type α-galactosidase contains 398 amino acid residues with a 17 N-terminal amino acids signal peptide sequence. Three mutant alleles, the first 19-amino acids from 67 to 85 (ADALVSTGLARLGYQYVNL) deletion with S137R and the second R216T, were identified from curd coconut plant no.1 while the third P250R was identified from curd coconut plant no. 10. All mutations of α-galactosidase gene were confirmed by the analysis of parental genomic DNA from normal and curd coconuts. Heterologous expression in Komagataella phaffii (Pichia pastoris) indicated that recombinant P250R, R216T and 19-amino acids deletion-S137R mutant proteins showed no α-galactosidase activity. Only the recombinant wild-type protein was able to detect for α-galactosidase activity. These results are in accordance with the no detection of α-galactosidase activity in developing curd coconut endosperms by tissue staining. While, the accumulation of enzyme activity was present in the solid endosperm of normal coconut. The full-length cDNA and parental genomic DNA sequences encoding α-galactosidase in normal coconut as well as identified curd coconut mutant alleles are reported in Genbank accession no. KJ957156 and KM001681-3. Transcription level of the α-galactosidase gene in mature curd coconut endosperm was at least 20 times higher than normal. In conclusion, absence of α-galactosidase activity caused by gene mutations associates with an accumulation of oligogalactomannan in endosperms, resulting in curd coconut phenotype.
ISSN: 00319422
Appears in Collections:Scopus 2018

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