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|Title:||Regeneration-associated cells improve recovery from myocardial infarction through enhanced vasculogenesis, anti-inflammation, and cardiomyogenesis|
|Authors:||Amankeldi A. Salybekov|
Akira T. Kawaguchi
Tokai University School of Medicine
|Keywords:||Agricultural and Biological Sciences;Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology|
|Citation:||PLoS ONE. Vol.13, No.11 (2018)|
|Abstract:||© 2018 Salybekov et al. This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited. Background Considering the impaired function of regenerative cells in myocardial infarction (MI) patients with comorbidities and associated risk factors, cell therapy to enhance the regenerative microenvironment was designed using regeneration-associated cells (RACs), including endothelial progenitor cells (EPCs) and anti-inflammatory cells. Methods RACs were prepared by quality and quantity control culture of blood mononuclear cells (QQMNCs). Peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMNCs) were isolated from Lewis rats and conditioned for 5 days using a medium containing stem cell factors, thrombopoietin, Flt-3 ligand, vascular endothelial growth factor, and interleukin-6 to generate QQMNCs. Results A 5.3-fold increase in the definitive colony-forming EPCs and vasculogenic EPCs was observed, in comparison to naïve PBMNCs. QQMNCs were enriched with EPCs (28.9-fold, P<0.0019) and M2 macrophages (160.3-fold, P<0.0002). Genes involved in angiogenesis (angpt1, angpt2, and vegfb), stem/progenitors (c-kit and sca-1), and anti-inflammation (arg-1, erg-2, tgfb, and foxp3) were upregulated in QQMNCs. For in vivo experiments, cells were administered into syngeneic rat models of MI. QQMNC-transplanted group (QQ-Tx) preserved cardiac function and fraction shortening 28 days post-MI in comparison with PBMNCs-transplanted (PB-Tx) (P<0.0001) and Control (P<0.0008) groups. QQ-Tx showed enhanced angiogenesis and reduced interstitial left ventricular fibrosis, along with a decrease in neutrophils and an increase in M2 macrophages in the acute phase of MI. Cell tracing studies revealed that intravenously administered QQMNCs preferentially homed to ischemic tissues via blood circulation. QQ-Tx showed markedly upregulated early cardiac transcriptional cofactors (Nkx2-5, 29.8-fold, and Gata-4, 5.2-fold) as well as c-kit (4.5-fold) while these markers were downregulated in PB-Tx. In QQ-Tx animals, de novo blood vessels formed a “Biological Bypass”, observed macroscopically and microscopically, while PB-Tx and Control-Tx groups showed severe fibrotic adhesion to the surrounding tissues, but no epicardial blood vessels. Conclusion QQMNCs conferred potent angiogenic and anti-inflammatory properties to the regenerative microenvironment, enhancing myocardiogenesis and functional recovery of rat MI hearts.|
|Appears in Collections:||Scopus 2018|
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