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Title: Association between Frequency of Consumption of Fruit, Vegetables, Nuts and Pulses and BMI: Analyses of the International Study of Asthma and Allergies in Childhood (ISAAC)
Authors: Clare R. Wall
Alistair W. Stewart
Robert J. Hancox
Rinki Murphy
Irene Braithwaite
Richard Beasley
Edwin A. Mitchell
M. Gómez
J. Weyler
R. Pinto-Vargas
A. J.L.A. Cunha
L. De Freitas Souza
A. Ferguson
P. Aguilar
L. Amarales
L. A.V. Benavides
A. Contreras
Y. Z. Chen
O. Kunii
Q. Li Pan
N. S. Zhong
A. M. Cepeda
B. N. Koffi
C. Bustos
M. A. Riikjärv
R. Sa’aga-Banuve
J. Pekkanen
E. Vlaski
G. Zsigmond
S. N. Mantri
S. K. Sharma
C. B. Kartasasmita
P. Konthen
W. Suprihati
M. R. Masjedi
H. Odajima
J. Kudzyte
M. Barragán-Meijueiro
B. E. Del-Río-Navarro
F. J. Linares-Zapién
N. Ramírez-Chanona
S. Romero-Tapia
Z. Bouayad
R. MacKay
C. Moyes
P. Pattemore
B. O. Onadeko
P. Chiarella
A. Brêborowicz
G. Lis
R. Câmara
J. M. Lopes dos Santos
C. Nunes
J. Rosado Pinto
D. Y. Goh
H. J. Zar
H. B. Lee
A. Blanco-Quirós
R. M. Busquets
I. Carvajal-Urueña
G. García-Hernández
L. García-Marcos
C. González Díaz
A. López-Silvarrey Varela
M. Morales-Suárez-Varela
E. G. Pérez-Yarza
O. Al-Rawas
S. Mohammad
Y. Mohammad
K. Tabbah
J. L. Huang
C. C. Kao
M. Trakultivakorn
P. Vichyanond
H. H. Windom
D. Holgado
M. C. Lapides
D. Solé
M. R. Sears
V. Aguirre
L. Waqatakirewa
J. Shah
K. Baratawidjaja
S. Nishima
M. Baeza-Bacab
M. I. Asher
B. W. Lee
Hospital y CRS El Pino
National Institute for Health and Welfare
Universidad del Pais Vasco - Euskal Herriko Unibertsitatea, Campus Bizkaia
Universidad Peruana de Ciencias Aplicadas
Guangzhou Institute of Repiratory Disease
School of Population Health, University of Auckland
Tishreen University
Aleppo University Hospital
Hospital Alcivar
Sultan Qaboos University
Centro Hospitalario Pereira Rossell
Universitas Padjadjaran
Universitas Diponegoro
Universitas Indonesia
Poznan University of Medical Sciences
Kaunas University of Medicine
McMaster University
Jaslok Hospital and Research Centre
Universidad del Pais Vasco
University of Tokyo
Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona
Canterbury Health Laboratories
Uniwersytet Jagielloński w Krakowie
Chang Gung University
Medical Research Institute of New Zealand
University of Otago
National University of Singapore
National Minami-Fukuoka Chest Hospital
Universidade Federal de Sao Paulo
Peking University
National Hospital Organization, Japan
Universiteit Antwerpen
Mahidol University
National Research Institute of Tuberculosis and Lung Disease Tehran
The University of British Columbia
Dunedin School of Medicine
All India Institute of Medical Sciences, New Delhi
Whakatane Hospital
University of Auckland
Universidad de Valladolid, Facultad de Medicina
Hospital Universitario 12 de Octubre
University of Valencia
Chiang Mai University
Universidad Autónoma de Yucatán
University of Cape Town
Hospital Infantil de Mexico Federico Gomez
Universidade Federal da Bahia
Regional Hospital “Lautaro Navarro”
Caja Petrolera de Salud
Hospital de Castro
Service des Maladies Respiratoires
University of Murcia and IMIB-Arrxaca Research Institute
Kao-Chun-Chieh Clinic
Center of Allergy and Immunology of Algarve
Xinjiang Children’s Hospital
Urban Cote d Ivoire
Centro De Enfermedades Alergicas Y Asma de Toluca
Centro Hospitilar do Funchal
Hospital CRS El Pino
The Children’s Hospital
Centro de Salud de La Ería
Hanyang University College of Medicin
Federal Universtity of Rio de Janeiro
University Children's Clinic
Hospital da Luz
Asthma and Allergy Research Center
Hospital San Bernardo
Hospital de Alta Especialidad del Niño
Tallinn Children’s Hospital
Hospital Paysandú
Fundación María José Jove
Universidad Metropolitana
Hospital Pedro Hispano
Keywords: Agricultural and Biological Sciences;Nursing
Issue Date: 7-Mar-2018
Citation: Nutrients. Vol.10, No.3 (2018)
Abstract: © 2018 by the authors. Licensee MDPI, Basel, Switzerland. Diets which emphasize intakes of plant-based foods are recommended to reduce disease risk and for promoting healthy weight. The aim of this study was to examine the association between fruit, vegetables, pulses and nut intake and body mass index (BMI) across countries in adolescents (13-14 years) and children (6-7 years). Data from the International Study of Asthma and Allergies in Childhood; 77,243 children’s parents and 201,871 adolescents was used to examine the association between dietary intake (Food Frequency Questionnaire) and BMI using general linear models, adjusting for country gross national index. Adolescents who consumed fruit, vegetables, pulses and nuts three or more times a week had a lower BMI than the never or occasional group; eating nuts three or more times a week, was associated with a BMI value of 0.274 kg/m2 lower than the never group (p < 0.001). Compared to children who never or occasionally reported eating vegetables, those reporting that they ate vegetables three or more times per week had a lower BMI of -0.079 kg/m2. In this large global study, an inverse association was observed between BMI and the reported increasing intake of vegetables in 6-7 years old and fruit, vegetables, pulses and nuts in adolescents. This study supports current dietary recommendations which emphasize the consumption of vegetables, nut and pulses, although the effect sizes were small.
ISSN: 20726643
Appears in Collections:Scopus 2018

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