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Title: Mosquito vector-associated microbiota: Metabarcoding bacteria and eukaryotic symbionts across habitat types in Thailand endemic for dengue and other arthropod-borne diseases
Authors: Panpim Thongsripong
James Angus Chandler
Amy B. Green
Pattamaporn Kittayapong
Bruce A. Wilcox
Durrell D. Kapan
Shannon N. Bennett
California Academy of Sciences
University of California, Berkeley
Tulane University
University of Hawaii at Manoa
Mahidol University
Keywords: Agricultural and Biological Sciences;Environmental Science
Issue Date: 1-Jan-2018
Citation: Ecology and Evolution. Vol.8, No.2 (2018), 1352-1368
Abstract: © 2017 The Authors. Ecology and Evolution published by John Wiley & Sons Ltd. Vector-borne diseases are a major health burden, yet factors affecting their spread are only partially understood. For example, microbial symbionts can impact mosquito reproduction, survival, and vectorial capacity, and hence affect disease transmission. Nonetheless, current knowledge of mosquito-associated microbial communities is limited. To characterize the bacterial and eukaryotic microbial communities of multiple vector species collected from different habitat types in disease endemic areas, we employed next-generation 454 pyrosequencing of 16S and 18S rRNA amplicon libraries, also known as metabarcoding. We investigated pooled whole adult mosquitoes of three medically important vectors, Aedes aegypti, Ae. albopictus, and Culex quinquefasciatus, collected from different habitats across central Thailand where we previously characterized mosquito diversity. Our results indicate that diversity within the mosquito microbiota is low, with the majority of microbes assigned to one or a few taxa. Two of the most common eukaryotic and bacterial genera recovered (Ascogregarina and Wolbachia, respectively) are known mosquito endosymbionts with potentially parasitic and long evolutionary relationships with their hosts. Patterns of microbial composition and diversity appeared to differ by both vector species and habitat for a given species, although high variability between samples suggests a strong stochastic element to microbiota assembly. In general, our findings suggest that multiple factors, such as habitat condition and mosquito species identity, may influence overall microbial community composition, and thus provide a basis for further investigations into the interactions between vectors, their microbial communities, and human-impacted landscapes that may ultimately affect vector-borne disease risk.
ISSN: 20457758
Appears in Collections:Scopus 2018

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