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Title: Under-recognized Hypoparathyroidism in Thalassemia
Authors: Hataitip Tangngam
Pat Mahachoklertwattana
Preamrudee Poomthavorn
Ampaiwan Chuansumrit
Nongnuch Sirachainan
La or Chailurkit
Patcharin Khlairit
Faculty of Medicine, Ramathibodi Hospital, Mahidol University
Keywords: Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology;Medicine
Issue Date: 29-Nov-2018
Citation: Journal of clinical research in pediatric endocrinology. Vol.10, No.4 (2018), 324-330
Abstract: Objective: Symptomatic hypoparathyroidism [symptomatic hypocalcemia without elevated serum parathyroid hormone (PTH)] in patients with thalassemia is relatively rare. Asymptomatic mild hypocalcemia without elevated PTH, which is considered hypoparathyroidism, may be more common but under-recognized. Methods: Sixty-six transfusion-dependent thalassemic patients and 28 healthy controls were enrolled. Serum calcium (Ca), phosphate (P), creatinine (Cr), albumin, intact PTH, 25-hydroxyvitamin D (25-OHD), plasma intact fibroblast growth factor-23 (FGF-23), urinary Ca, P and Cr were measured. Tubular reabsorption of P was calculated. Results: Thalassemic patients had significantly lower median serum Ca levels than the controls [8.7 (7.8-9.7) vs 9.6 (8.7-10.1) mg/dL, p<0.001]. Hypoparathyroidism was found in 25 of 66 (38%) patients. Symptomatic hypoparathyroidism was not encountered. Thalassemic patients also had significantly lower median plasma FGF-23 levels than the controls [35.7 (2.1-242.8) vs 53.2 (13.3-218.6) pg/mL, p=0.01]. In patients with hypoparathyroidism, median plasma FGF-23 level was significantly lower than that of normoparathyroid patients [34.8 (2.1-120.0) vs 43.1 (3.2-242.8) pg/mL, p=0.048]. However, serum P, Cr, intact PTH and 25-OHD levels were not significantly different in the two groups. Conclusion: Hypoparathyroidism was not uncommon in patients with transfusion-dependent thalassemia treated with suboptimal iron chelation. Plasma intact FGF-23 level in hypoparathyroid patients was lower than that of normoparathyroid patients.
ISSN: 13085735
Appears in Collections:Scopus 2018

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